From the above punnet square the outcomes or (phenotypes) are green ,green, green,and yellow flowers. From the above punnet square there are two heterozygous outcomes. Because of the process of meiosis, which creates the gametes used for sexual reproduction, has built in ways to increase diversity.
Adaptation: Is a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment
Evolution: Is the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
Species: Is a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
Gene: Is a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Genetic: of or relating to genes or heredity.
Sexual Reproduction: Is the production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types (sexes). In most higher organisms, one sex (male) produces a small motile gamete that travels to fuse with a larger stationary gamete produced by the other (female).
Asexual Reproduction: Asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it is reproduction which almost never involves diploid or reduction.
Most higher organisms (both plants and animals) reproduce
sexually—that is, they produce offspring through the union of reproductive cells from
two different parents. Think back to our example of the violet. Violets produce showy
flowers that attract insects that carry pollen from one plant to the next. Offspring
resulting from this cross-pollination are genetically distinct from either parent. Violets
also produce flowers that never open, and are self-pollinated. The resulting offspring are
genetically similar, though not identical, to the parent. And, finally, violets send out
creeping stems. Plants sprouting from these runners are genetically identical to the