The Himalayas in Asia

Group Members: Mary-Catherine Mayo, Trina Phan, Kiley Phelps

The Himalayas mountain range is located in Asia.  It is divided between India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, and Nepal.

The Himalayas were believed to be formed millions of years ago, as a result of continental drift, when India collided with Asia, and the crust raised to become the Himalayan Mountain Range (convergent).

The Himalayans are 8,848 meters tall (approximately 5.5 miles high) and contain the largest mountains in the world--including Mount Everest.

of Mount Everest

Because it's so cold, snow on the top of the Himalayas never melts.

People who live in the Himalayan regions depend of yaks greatly, such as using their frozen dung to fuel fires

Although the environment, is harsh, deer, black bears, tigers, elephants, red pandas, and giant pandas all call the Himalayas their home.  This said, it's rare for animals to survive above 1,800 ft because the air gets to thin to breathe in, and the temperatures get too low.

Fun Facts

  • The Himalayas gain .576 of an inch every year in height
  • The endangered species of snow leopards live in the Himalayas at 9,000-15,000 feet in altitude
  • The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountain ranges in the world
  • The Himalayas are sometimes called the "rooftop of the world"
  • The Himalayas take up 75% of the country Nepal
  • When climbing Mt. Everest, an oxygen tank is needed because the air is too thin to breathe in towards the peak
  • "Himalaya" is Sanskrit for "Abode of Snow"
  • The Himalayas have snow cap mountain peaks, glaciers, rivers, and rich vegetation
  • The Himalayas have attracted the world's greatest mountain climbers
  • The Himalayas affect the Asian continent greatly and is the reason for heavy rainfall in Asia
  • Over 40,000,000 people live in the Himalayan region