The Present Perfect
What is it?
Expresses what has happened. It generally refers to recently completed actions or to a that still bears relevance in the present.
It is formed by combining the verb "has" or "have" with the past participle.
He has studied.
I have written a letter.
We have been hungry for hours.
How to form the Present Perfect
Part one: the verb "has/have"
The present perfect is formed by first conjugating the verb "haber" in the present tense.
Part two: Past participle
The second part is conjugating the past participle by dropping the infinitive ending and adding either -ido or -ado.
When the stem of an -er or -ir verb ends in a a, e, or o, the past participle requires a written accent
Object pronouns must be place before the verb and can NEVER be separated.
Pablo he le dado mucho dinero a su hermana.
Pablo has given a lot of money to his sister.
Juan ha pagado la cuenta.
Juan has paid the bill.
Julian y Maria han viajado a Espana.
Julian and Maria have traveled to Spain.
Yo _____ comido el pollo.
Nosotros hemos _________ (escribir) la tarea.
Ella _______ _________(dibujar) la pintura.