Chapter 7.1

The Present Perfect

What is it?

Expresses what has happened. It generally refers to recently completed actions or to a that still bears relevance in the present.

It is formed by combining the verb "has" or "have" with the past participle.

English Examples

He has studied.

I have written a letter.

We have been hungry for hours.

How to form the Present Perfect

Part one: the verb "has/have"

The present perfect is formed by first conjugating the verb "haber" in the present tense.

Part two: Past participle

The second part is conjugating the past participle by dropping the infinitive ending and adding either -ido or -ado.

When the stem of an -er or -ir verb ends in a a, e, or o, the past participle requires a written accent



Object pronouns must be place before the verb and can NEVER be separated.

Pablo he le dado mucho dinero a su hermana.

Pablo has given a lot of money to his sister.

Spanish Examples

Juan ha pagado la cuenta.

Juan has paid the bill.

Julian y Maria han viajado a Espana.

Julian and Maria have traveled to Spain.


Yo _____ comido el pollo.

Nosotros hemos _________ (escribir) la tarea.

Ella _______ _________(dibujar) la pintura.

Comment Stream