Simple Understanding of ISO Certification Standards
ISO9000 is a set of standards collectively. 'ISO 9000 family standard' refers to all international ISO certification standards set by ISO/TC176. TC176 is the 176th Technical Committee and it is responsible for the development of quality management and quality assurance technology standards. ISO / TC176 is early mentioned in the ninth annual conference proposed the 'Implementation of the strategy to 1990s international quality standards. To the 1987 edition of the ISO 9000 family of modified norm of two phases: the first phase completed in 1994 and completed in 2000 in the second stage. The 1994 version of the ISO 9000 standard has been used for many years. There are three quality assurance standards are often used as an external certification. December 15, 2000, the 2000 version of the ISO 9000 standard officially released.
The word of the certification is a kind of action to prove the document.. The definition of "certification" in 2:1986 ISO/IEC is the activity that can be supported by the third party that can be fully trusted to meet a certain standard or standard file for a certified product or service. For instance, the first party (the supplier or seller) production, the second party (buyer) is hard to determine whether its quality is qualified or not so it needs to be proved by the third party. The third party should be responsible for the first party as well as the second party. The third need to be impartial and issues by the trust between the two sides that can be obtained, such activity is called "certification".
This means that the third party certification activities must be accessible, fair and can be effective. This requires the third party must have absolute power and authority and must be independent from the first party and the second party. So, who can play the role of the third party? Obviously, a country or government. It is a role that is directly held by a government, government agency or an organization acknowledged by the state or government, such an organization is called a certification body.
The main function of ISO is to provide a mechanism for people to agree on the international ISO certification standards. The core structure and operation rules are in a treatise for ISO / IEC Technical Directives for the work of documents stipulated. Its technical structure in ISO has 800 technical committees and subcommittees, each of which has a chairman and a secretariat.
Through these institutions, ISO has launched 9200 international standards, such as ISO metric thread, ISO A4 paper sizes, ISO container series (95% of the world's shipping containers are in accordance with ISO standard), ISO film speed code, ISO Open Systems Interconnection (OS2) column (widely used in the field of information technology) and the famous ISO 9000 quality management standard.In addition, ISO has a liaison with the 450 international and regional organizations in the standards. In particular, it has a close contact with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). There are 28 international standard institutions outside the ISO/IEC system.. Each institution has a number of international standards in a certain field, often under the control of the United Nations.