Bacillus Anthrax

Amy Guillen 7th pd.

Bacillus Anthrax is a common disease in livestock and occasionally humans. It causes Anthrax, which is a fatal skin infection. It is found in soil.

Domain:  Bacteria

Phylum:  Firmicutes

Class:  Bacilli

Order:  Bacillales

Family:  Bacillaceae

Genus:  Bacillus

Species:  B. anthracis

Located in soil, this infectious disease is taken in by basically any animal, but mainly large herbivores. Since it is in the soil, it abstracts energy from dead decaying matter and nutrients from the plants, therefor making it a heterotroph because it does not make its own food. These spores either die, or are ingested by another host at which point the cycle repeats itself.

Once sporulation occurs, the spores can lay dormant in the soil for several years, although evidence suggests that spores vegetate in soil under favorable conditions. The soil is most commonly found in  in water that has stood long enough to kill grass. This soil has a high content of organic material. Evidence also suggests that B. anthracite is most stable in soil with a pH above 6.0 and an ambient temperature above 15.5o Celsius.

This disease can spread to humans through a break in the skin or animals contaminating living things. Anthrax exists in both a vegetative and spore state. Affects on both below.

Both can be treated with antibiotics, which Anthrax responds fairly well with.

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