What exactly is Ebola? Ebola is known as a highly fatal disease that has the potential of spreading all around the world. The disease originates from the first recorded outbreak, which was in 1976 in Yambuku, Democratic Republic, which borders along the Ebola River. Since 1976, it has continued to spread from small countries, into the United States. It is a huge threat to the population of the world, but fortunately, as of right now, there is a vaccine that's being tested and will hopefully be released soon.
After contracting the Ebola virus, one will begin to experience symptoms. Most syndromes caused by the virus are a high fever, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat. These are all followed by vomiting, diarrhea, a rash, and internal bleeding. Someone infected can begin to show symptoms anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days. Until someone starts to show symptoms, they are not contagious.
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How Does It Spread?
Ebola is spread through many ways. You can become infected through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of someone who is infected or died from Ebola. These fluids include urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen. The virus can also be contracted by touching contaminated objects, such as a needle or syringes. Infected fruit bats or primates can also contain transmit the virus to someone. A few ways to prevent yourself from contracting Ebola, is to wash your hands with soap and water, and avoid handling items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids, such as clothes, bedding, needles, or medical equipment.
Where Was it Discovered?
The virus was first discovered after an outbreak in Yambuku, Dominican Republic. It is an extremely poor city, with no electricity, and although there is a hospital, it has no radio, phone, or ambulances, and communication is done by motorbike messenger. Mabalo Lokela is known as the first man to be diagnosed with Ebola, and he's from that area. After being taken to the hospital, Lokela was originally diagnosed with malaria, and returned home. But soon after, he reported back to the hospital and found out he was infected with the Ebola virus.
Why's it Popular in Africa?
Ebola is very popular in Africa simply because it's a very poor continent. Africa has less medical care than most other places, which gives the citizens living there a smaller chance of surviving. I believe that if we want Ebola to become less common, we need to find a way to make Africa a safer place to live, by raising money for better medical care.