The citizens who live in the Seychelles Island are called Seychellois
Seychelles is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean. It was uninhabited when first discovered by Europeans in the early 1500s and remained that way for over 150 years. In 1756 the French took formal possession of the islands. They were named after a French finance minister. After the Napoleonic wars in 1814, the Seychelles were taken over by the British. In 1903, the islands became a British Crown Colony. The Seychelles became an independent country in 1976. They had the same president, France-Albert Rene, who led from 1977 to 2004.
Location and geography
The Seychelles is a small island nation located in the Indean ocean, north east of Madagascar and about 1,600 km (994 mi) east of Kenya. The landmass is only 459 km², but the islands are spread over an Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,374,000 km².
The islands as per the Constitution are divided into groups as follows:
- There are 45 granite based islands known as the Granitic Seychelles.
- There are two coral sand cays north of the granitics: Denis and Bird.
- There are two coral islands south of the Granitics: Coëtivy and Platte.
- There are 29 coral islands in the Amirantes group.
- There are 13 coral islands in the Farquhar Group.
- There are 67 raised coral islands in the Aldabra Group.
- Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
- Major cities: VICTORIA (capital)
Because the Seychelles consist of over 100 islands and only has a population of around 83,000, it has the distinction of being the least crowded country in the world. Population growth in the Seychelles is low, but the average age is quite young. Half the population is under 25. Nearly 70% of the inhabitants of the Seychelles live on Mahe, which is the largest island. Life expectancy in the Seychelles is about 72 years.
- Languages: Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2%
- Type of Government: republic
- Independence: 29 June 1976 (from UK)
- National Holiday: Constitution Day (National Day), 18 June (1993)
- Nationality: Seychellois (singular and plural)
During the plantation era, cinnamon, vanilla and copra were the chief exports. In the 1960s, about 33% of the working population worked at plantations, and 20% worked in the public or government sector. In 1965, during a three-month visit to the islands, futurist Donald Prell prepared for the then crown colony Governor General, an economic report containing a scenario for the future of the economy.
- Major Industries: fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
- Agricultural Products: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; poultry; tuna
- Natural Resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees
- Major Exports: canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)
- Major Imports: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
- Currency: Seychelles rupee (SCR)
In 1971, with the opening of Seychelles International Airport, tourism became a significant industry, essentially dividing the economy into plantations and tourism. The tourism sector paid better, and the plantation economy could only expand so far. The plantation sector of the economy declined in prominence, and tourism became the primary industry of Seychelles.
Seychellois society is essentially matriarchal. Mothers tend to be dominant in the household, controlling most expenditures and looking after the interests of the children. Unwed mothers are the societal norm, and the law requires fathers to support their children. Men are important for their earning ability, but their domestic role is relatively peripheral.
The music of Seychelles is diverse, a reflection of the fusion of cultures through its history. The folk music of the islands incorporates multiple influences in a syncretic fashion, including African rhythms, aesthetic and instrumentation—such as the zez and the bom (known in Brazil as berimbau), European contredanse,polka and mazurka, French folk and pop, sega from Mauritius and Réunion, taarab, soukous and other pan-African genres, and Polynesian, Indian and Arcadianmusic.
Food and Dishes
Staple foods include many fish, seafood and shellfish dishes, often accompanied with rice Fish dishes are cooked in myriad ways, such as steamed, grilled, wrapped in banana leaves,baked, salted and smoked. Curry dishes with rice are also a significant aspect of the country's cuisine. Additional food staples include coconut, breadfruit, mangoes and kordonnyen fish. Dishes are often garnished with fresh flowers.
Every October a Creole Festival is held. It is the biggest cultural event in the island chain. During this festival, the Seychellois celebrate the creole culture with music, art, great food, and dance. Though almost 100% of the Seychellois speak Creole, French and English are also widely used.
Regardless of which island you stay on in the Seychelles, you are sure to be warmly welcomed and greeted by the local people. The Seychellois are friendly, gracious, and warm. Only a couple of centuries ago, these islands were uninhabited, except as ports for pirates. But today, the culture is a mixture of African, Asian, and European. English, French, and Creole are all spoken in the Seychelles, and the natural disposition is relaxed to enjoy the great beauty of the islands. The Seychellois are a friendly people who are glad to welcome you to their republic. You may not want to leave once you spend a little time in this heaven on earth.