Henry VIII (June 1491 – January 1547) was King of England from April 21, 1509, until his death. He was Lord and later became the King of Ireland and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor Dynasty, following his father, Henry VII. He also had six wives that he killed.
Henry VIII was an accomplished musician, author, poet, and sportsman. He was also involved in the construction and improvement of several buildings, including King's College, Cambridge; Christ Church, Oxford; Hampton Court Palace, Nonsuch Palace, and Westminster Abbey. His sponsorship of education and of the arts contributed to the English Renaissances which continued under the reign of his daughter, Elizabeth I.