infant project made by Kayla Roberts
The importance of physical develop
physical develop- includes growth in size and weight, as well as the increasing ability to control and coordinate body movements. never in a persons lifetime will there be more rapid growth and physical changes than during infancy.
weight and length of a newborn- a 1 yr old
weight and length of a newborn- newborns gain between 1 to 21 lb. in the first six weeks and the average length of a newborn is 20 in (51 cm) in long at birth.
weight and length of a 1 yr old- a baby at one yr gains between 21- 22 lb. the average length of a 1 yr old is about 30in(76cm) long.
milestones fine- no contact with object, contact with object only, hand grasps the object, superior palm grasp, forefinger grasp, and super forefinger grasp.
milestones gross- holds chin up, chest up-- arm support, sits without support sits on lap-- grasp objects, sits on high chair, grasps dangling object, sits with support, stands with help, stands holding furniture walks when led, creeps, pulls to stand by furniture stands alone and walks alone.
Emotional and social milstones
milestones emotional- shows interest, expresses sadness, shows disgust, shows joy, and shows anger.
milestones social- coos and babbles, smiles and shows excitement, laughs,squeals, babbles, reaches out with hands and arms, tries to imitate sounds made by adults, says simple words, " dada" and "mama", objects if not a toy are taken away, uses gestures and body language and spends time looking in mirrors.
Biggest Fear of and infant and when it occurs
the biggest fear of infants is being away from their parents and this shows around 7mths.
similarities and differences with social and emotional development, the predictable patten will discuss they both follow predictable patterns they have to know the harmony and affection are the main key elements it occurs according to individual timing and vary from person to person they have to be aware of their infant developing trust if they do their infant will develop attachments to who ever care giver they trust in the most, healthy development results in each have individual personality, influences relationships & behaviors occurs over life from newborn to old age.
The parts of the brain and how it should work
- cerebrum- receives info from the senses and directs motor activities. controls functions of speech
- cerebral cervex- memory and problem solving, most of these activities occur in the outer layer, called the cervex, or the cerebral cervex
- thalamus- connects the spinal cord and cerebrum. controls expression of emotions
- cerebellum- controls muscular coordination, balance, and posture
- pituitary gland- secrets hormones that regulate growth, metabolism, and sexual develop
- Brain stem- controls involuntary activities such as breathing heart rate and bloodp pressure
- Spinal cord- transmits info from the body to the brain and from the brain to the body.it coordinates the activities of the left and right sides go the body and controls simple reflexes that do not involve the brain
The parts of the neuron and how it should work
- neuron- nerve cells in the brain that controls body function
- dendrite- receive the messages other neuron
- cell body- the main part of each neuron that processes info
- myelin coating-protiens-based substance
- neuron transmitters-chemicals released by axon
- synapse-messages are transmitted from one neuron to another
- Axon- dendrites, which act as transmitters of info
ways infants communicate verbally
- crying- to comunicate discomfort, hunger, anger, or pain - to bring a respond
- to bring a response
- cooing- begin babbling at 4-5mths -vowel and constant sounds slowly added to form symbols
- first words- occur at 10-12mths- same sound used more than once to refer to person, place or event
ways infants communicate nonverbally
- reaching for or printing clinging
- pushing away stimulating language develop
- give positive feed back as infants at temp to communicate
- speak clearly using simple words
- avoid using baby talk
- talk about activities an things around them
what the parents should know about the stimulation of the infants brain and how the senses affect your infants leaving is how the caregiver can stimulate their brain by reading to them b/c it stimulates their cognitive development them holding the book, seeing the pictures and colors, hearing the caregiver read to them an them holding the book affects the 5 senses.