Let's Head West

By Stella Weintraub

Top Ten

10. General Winfield Scott: General Winfield Scott forced Santa Anna to surrender and he captured Mexico City in 1847. General Winfield Scott died on May 29th, 1866.

9. The Gadsden Purchase: The Gadsden Purchase added a very small of some land in the south of Arizona. This is when the United States happened to reach it's full size.

8. Gold Rush in 1848: The first chunk of gold was founded in California in 1848. The forty-niners came from all over the world and set up towns to live in while they were camped out searching for gold. Most of the forty-niners happened to have very little experience in mining gold.

7. Mormonism: In around 1830 Joseph Smith founded Mormonism. This was a new religion. Mormons love Jesus and they accept him as their savior and they believe that he is the Messiah.

6. Invention of the cotton gin: The invention of the cotton gin is something very important to our history. The cotton gin helped people make clothes and keep warm in the cold winters. People struggled before the cotton gin was invented because it was hard for them to make clothes. The cotton gin helped them survive in many ways. Without it, they would not have protection and shelter.

5. Thomas Jefferson: In 1800, Thomas Jefferson became our 3rd president of the United States. He was up against John Adams in the election and it happened to end in a tie. The House of Representatives made the final decision and they decided to elect Thomas Jefferson as our 3rd president.

4. XYZ Affair: The XYZ Affair was first created in 1797. The United States was experiencing serious problems with the country France and they solved their problems diplomatically. John Adams started to call all three of the French people as X, Y, Z. Ever since then it has been known as the XYZ Affair.

3. George Washington's Farewell Address: This Farewell Address was first published in September 1796. In this Farewell Address, George Washington warned the people that they should not form political parties with other countries. He also said not to get involved with other countries.

2. George Washington becomes our 1st President: George Washington was elected our first president in April 30, 1789. George Washington is one of the most important people in our nations history. He served from 1789 to 1797 and he died in the year of 1799. He died in Mount Vernon, Virginia.

1. The War of 1812: In the year 1807 a ship that was owned by the British, attacked the USS Chesapeake. The United States was not happy with this and the United States was so angry that they then decided to go into war against the British. James Madison was the one who declared war against the British in 1812. Many Americans did not want America to go into war. The British burned Washington D.C. in the year of 1814. After this Americans starting loosing hope in our country. This war ended as a stalemate which means that there was no clear winner.

Timeline

1800- Thomas Jefferson was up against John Adams in the running to be elected the 3rd president. Thomas Jefferson won the election.

1803- France sold the Louisiana Territory to America. France needed the money because they were in a war with England at the time. They sold it for 15 million dollars.

1804- Lewis and Clark went on an expedition and they explored America. On the way, they met a women named Sacagawea and she guided them and she showed them which ways to go. She was the only women on the expedition with Lewis and Clark. The expedition ended in 1806.

1808- James Madison was elected our 4th president. He was a democratic-republican. Right when James Madison became our president the United States' relationship with England started to go down hill.

1812- James Madison declared war against England. Many people did not agree with his decision to declare war but many democratic republicans wanted Madison to declare war and so he did. This war ended in a stalemate which means that there was no clear winner.

1813- William Henry Harrison's trained soldiers attack the Native American army at the Battle of the Thames.

1816- James Monroe was elected our 6th president. He helped our country a lot just like George Washington did. Americans really liked how well he did when he was in office so he was then re-elected in 1820.

1820- Missouri wanted to be it's own state. Many Northerns did not want Missouri to be a slave state but Southerns did. Henry Clay the created the Missouri Compromise which made Maine a free state and made Missouri a slave state.

1828- Andrew Jackson was elected as our 7th president. Andrew Jackson promised the people equal rights and equal protection.

1830- The Indians were removed from their homes and they were forced to start a new civilized town. This is known as the Indian Removal Act.

Biographical Summary

George Washington

      George Washington was born in 1732. He is from Wakefield Plantation, Virginia. He had a very big family and happened to big the oldest out of six kids. George Washington reentered the military in 1755. In 1759 he left the army and went back to Mount Vernon. George Washington then met a girl that he really liked. She was a very wealthy widow and she had two children. They got married but they did not have any kids. He became the commander of the Continental Army and he had a successful victory at the Battle of Yorktown, which was in 1781. George Washington did not get paid very much. He then became our very first president in 1789. George Washington was a very powerful smart man. He made smart decisions when he was in office and he ran the United States very well. In 1796, George Washington published the Farewell Address. In this farewell address he told the people that he advises them not to form or be involved in political parties. He also said his is farewell address that America should not get involved in other countries business. George made a huge impact on our country and he is a very important person in our nation's history. He sadly died when he was 67 in 1799. He did so much for our country.

Newspaper article 1803

       EXTRA EXTRA READ ALL ABOUT! The Louisiana Territory is now apart of the United States! The whole country is so excited. The United States noticed that France now owned the land instead of Spain. United States tried to go and buy New Orleans but not only did they get to buy New Orleans, they were also able to buy the whole Louisiana Territory. United Stated took the offer. The United States then bought the Louisiana Territory for 15 million dollars! That is a lot of money and I mean A LOT of money. We bought it from France because they needed the money for their war that they are in against England. This is now going to be known as The Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Territory has about 827,000 square miles of land.  We now have more land to claim as ours. This new land will help us in so many ways. It will give us more land to grow crops and also it will give us more land to build towns and factories. There is a lot of farmland so it is a great place to have farms and to grow different kinds of foods.

Obituary

      Andrew Jackson promised everyone on the United States equal rights and equal protection, well not everybody. The Native Americans were living in the United States and they were very civilized. Andrew Jackson wanted to get rid of them and make them relocate to another place to start a new civilized community. He wanted them to travel west into the Indian Territory. Some Natives Americans refused to leave. In 1838, Andrew Jackson sent the army to remove all of the Native Americans and forced them to leave. Those Natives that were forced to leave are called the Cherokees. About 17,000 Cherokees had to walk across what is known as The Trail of Tears. It was known as the Trail of Tears because many people did not survive the trip. They died from many natural causes like diseases and sicknesses. Also many died from harsh weather. Winter was hard to survive because it was so cold and they did not have the proper clothing and shelter to keep warm. This is known as the Indian Removal Act. I personally think that the United States did not treat the Native Americans right. The Native Americans were innocent and they just took away their civilized town.

Recipe for Pumpkin spice cake

EARLY AMERICAN PUMPKIN SPICE CAKE 1 c. shortening

3 c. sugar
3 eggs, beaten
1 (16 oz.) can pumpkin
1 tsp. vanilla
1/2 tsp. coconut flavoring
1 tsp. butter flavoring
3 c. flour
1 tsp. soda
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1/4 tsp. salt
1 tsp. nutmeg
1 tsp. allspice
1 tsp. cloves
1 tsp. cinnamon
1 c. nuts
1 c. brown sugar
1/2 c. sour cream.

     Cream shortening and sugar. Add eggs, pumpkin and flavorings. Sift next 8 ingredients together and add to shortening mixture and mix. Add nuts and mix well. Pour into greased and floured tube pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour and 15 minutes. Combine brown sugar with sour cream, cook over medium heat. Bring to boil, simmer for 1 minute. Cool 5 minutes. Top cake.

By the numbers

1. John Adams was up against Thomas Jefferson for president and John Adams won 71-68.

2. Stephen F. Austin started a new colony with 300 American families.

3. The United States Army only and 180 soldiers when they fought against Santa Anna. Santa Anna had a few thousand people in their army.

4. Mexico sold New Mexico and California to the United States for 15 million dollars.

5.12,000 pilgrims traveled on The Mormon Trail searching for religious freedom.

6. 17,000 Cherokees traveled on The Trail of Tears from Georgia to Oklahoma.

7. William Henry Harrison got sick and died 32 days after he was elected president in 1840.

8.The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars.

9. It took 6 months for the news of the Treaty of Ghent to get to the United States.

10. After the Missouri Compromise in 1850, they was 19 free states or territories.

Map of the United States in the 1800s

      This is a picture of what the map of the United States looked like in the years of 1835 to 1855. It looks way different than what our map looks like today in 2014. Now we do not have slave states in our country but back in the 1800s there was slave states. Most of the northern states were free states and most of the southern states were slave states. There was also a lot of territories in the United States. There was the Oregon Territory, the Minnesota Territory, the Indian Territory the Utah Territory, and the New Mexico Territory. In 1820, Missouri wanted to be its own state. People that lived in the south wanted Missouri to be a slave state but the people who lived in the north wanted Missouri to be a free state. Henry Clay came up with the Missouri Compromise where Missouri was now going to be a slave state and Maine was now going to be a free state.

Works cited

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