Social Studies Common Exam Review

Democracy-Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.

Direct-All citizens vote on everything in a direct democracy

representave-In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through regular elections

Autoarchy-A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

Monarchy-Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

Dictatorship-vIn a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)

Theocracy-vTheo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power!

Oligarchy-Rule by few

Anarchy-vNo government at all…

Communism-a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.