1. April 12 1861: Battle of Fort Sumter: Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The bombardment/siege and ultimate surrender of Fort Sumter by Brig. General P.G.T. Beauregard was the official start of the Civil War.

2. June: Battle of Philippi: (West) Virginia - The skirmish involving over 3,00 soldiers, Philippi was the first battle of the American Civil War.

3. June 10: Big Bethel: Virginia - The skirmish of Big Bethel was the first land battle of the civil war and was portent of the carnage that was to come

4. July 21: First Battle of Bull Run: Manassas, Virginia -  Also known as First Manassas, the major engagement of the American Civil War was a shocking rout of Union soldiers by confederates at Manassas Juction, VA.

5.  October 9: Battle of Santa Rosa Island - Santa Rosa Island (Florida) The Battle of Santa Rosa Island was the a failed attempted by Confederate forces to take the Union-held Fort Pickens.

6. November 7-8: Battle of Port Royal Sound - Port Royal Sound, South Carolina. The battle of Port Royal was aone of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War.

7. Battle of Hampton: Winchester, Virginia - The  town of Winchester, Virginia's strategic location makes it the site numerous Civil War engagements.

8. June 25-July1: The Seven Days Battle - Henrico Country, Virginia. The Seven Days Battle was a series of battles in the Peninsula Campaign consisting of a Confederate counter-offensive which drove the Union Army away from the Confederate capitol of Richmond down the Virginia Peninsula.

9. August 28-30: Second Battle of Bull Run - The Second Battle of Bull Run, also called Second Manassa, resulted in the second defeat for Union troops in the area of First Bull Run (First Manassas), thought it was not a complete rout like the first battle was. The Confederate victory set the for Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North, which would result in the Battle of Antietam.

10. September 1: Battle of Ox Hill - Chantilly, Virginia. The Battle of Ox Hill, aka Battle of Chantilly, was the finial battle of the Northern Virginia Campaign.

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