architecture urbanism

Urbanism is the discipline that aims to study cities, from a holistic perspective faces the responsibility of studying and managing urban systems. The current term materialized - Urbanism comes from the Spanish engineer Ildefonso Cerda. is a very old discipline that incorporates concepts of multiple disciplines and an area of practice and study very large and complex. According to some, it would a science that would fit within the social sciences (geography, sociological, etc.) and, according to others, an art would traditionally associated with architecture, ie, a set of practical knowledge that They provide the fundamental basis for solving the problems of the cities; in this duality the descriptive and explanatory looms urbanism as a science versus prescriptive urbanism as art, although both approaches are necessarily feed back mutually. The complexity of the city object explains the complexity of approaches urbanism as the emphasis is put on the shape and arrangement of the city or on the dynamics of economic, social activities and Environmental taking place in it. The planning acts at various scales, from the urban design manager designing the public space and the elements that it (from the edilicia street furniture) scenery, to urban planning, which defines the development model of the city, through the Management Urban, which defines how planned runs. The legal dimension planning is very important, especially in its activity urban planning, since its scope includes objects different legal status, as communal property and public property and private. Thus, urban plans are usually subject to a specific legislative framework for land ownership and usage rights associated with different forms of ownership.

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