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Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection. It is formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever. The virus first appeared in 1976 in 2 random outbreaks in Nzara and in Sudan. It is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids of a person infected by it and already showing symptoms. This virus can not be spread by food, water, or mosquitoes. This disease is sever and even sometimes fatal in humans. The recent and current outbreak in West Africa is the largest and most complex outbreak since the virus was first discovered. There have been more deaths and even more cases in this outbreak alone compared to all of the other outbreaks combined.


Some of the early on symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Chills

Over time, symptoms become very severe and may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Red eyes
  • Raised rash
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Stomach pain
  • Severe weight loss
  • Bleeding, usually from the eyes
  • Internal bleeding
  • People who are near death my bleed from other parts of the body, such as nose, ears, and rectum.


No vaccine or medications are available for Ebola. Hospital treatment includes:
  • Providing fluids.
  • Maintaining blood pressure.
  • Providing oxygen as needed.
  • Replacing lost blood.
  • Treating other infections that develop.