Animism

Beliefs

Every Thing Has Spirits

Animism was created in Africa and was one of the first major
religions. A unique thing about animism is that it wasn’t written down, it was
orally passed down for generations. Animists believe that everything has a
spirit and that you should worship the spirits of nature and you should worship
your ancestors. This made the animists respect nature.

Sir Edward Tylor

The term was taken and redefined by the anthropologist Sir Edward Tylor in his 1871 book Primitive Culture, in which he defined it as "the general doctrine of souls and other spiritual beings in general." According to Tylor, animism often includes "an idea of pervading life and will in nature."

Tylor argued that animism consisted of two unformulated propositions; all parts of nature had a soul, and these souls are capable of moving without requiring a physical form. This gives rise to fetishism, the worship of visible objects as powerful, spiritual beings. The second proposition was that souls are independent of their physical forms. It gives rise to 'spiritism', the worship of the souls of the dead and the unseen spirits of the heavens. Others such as Nurit Bird-David, associate animism with various aspects of shamanism.

Shinto
"Way of God"

Beliefs

Shintoism was created in japan and didn’t go much further. Like
animism, Shintoism also wasn’t written down, it was passed verbally. Similar to
the animists they also believe that there is spirits in everything, but the
spirits name is Kami, and it exists in all things. They also believed that
there was Kami in their emperor making him god like. Since the emperor is
looked at like a god the people have great respect for him.

The principal worship of kami is done at public shrines or worship at small home shrines called kamidana. The public shrine is a building or place that functions as a conduit for kami. A fewer number of shrines are also natural places called mori.

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