Accountant

Required Education:

High school diploma

Bachelors degree in accounting

Accountant's earn 59,810

Overview

Accountants and auditors assemble, analyze, and check the accuracy of financial information.

Accountants often specialize in one of the four major fields of accounting:

  • Public
  • Management
  • Government
  • Internal auditing

Accountants that specialize in investigating financial information for fraud are known as forensic accountants.

All accountants and auditors must know the rules and regulations in their area. The rules change frequently. Accountants and auditors must regularly take training to keep their knowledge up to date.

Public accountants
Public accountants have their own businesses or work for accounting firms. Their clients are individuals or businesses. Public accountants provide accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting services. For example, they examine business operations such as revenues and costs. They go over financial records to make sure the information is correct. They may develop accounting systems for clients.

Management accountants
Management accountants work for corporations. These accountants work as part of their company's management team and help make decisions. They give the team advice about how certain financial changes may affect the company. They record and analyze the business's financial information. In addition, they create budgets, and manage costs and assets.

Government accountants
Government accountants maintain and examine the records of government agencies. They must follow special procedures and regulations. Accountants in this area may write reports for government officials. Government auditors check the tax records of businesses and individuals.

Internal auditing
Internal auditors generally work for a company. They check that the company's financial records are correct. They also check for waste or fraud, and help find ways to prevent financial loss.

Outlook
In Oregon, the number of jobs for accountants is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through the year 2022. Job opportunities are expected to be excellent due to the high number of job openings in the state. Nationally, the number of jobs for accountants and auditors is expected to grow faster than average for all occupations through the year 2022.

Growth in this occupation is closely tied with growth in the economy. Stricter laws and regulations as a result of the financial crisis in 2008 has increased demand for accountants as organizations try to comply with new laws. In addition, stricter loan standards will increase the demand for auditors.

A large number of global businesses will need accountants with knowledge in areas such as international trade, mergers, and rules.

Accountants and auditors are expected to have good job prospects. CPAs will enjoy the widest range of job opportunities.

Employment
In Oregon, 11,643 people work in this very large occupation.

Nationally, 1,275,400 accountants and auditors work in this very large occupation.

Most accountants and auditors work in urban areas where accounting firms and central or regional offices of businesses are concentrated.

Major employers:

  • Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll firms
  • Federal, state, and local government agencies
  • Business management companies

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