Burundi,Africa

                  clothing

Females wear a long wrapped around skirt made from colored patterned cloth. Female wear a T-shirt on top.In rural areas, women add a head wrap called an igitambara.A woman may also wear an impetus a cloth or goat skin wrap that ties a baby to where her back.Men wear a western type look.

                    Food

This is the kind of food we eat like,Kidney Beans and Bananas, Mashed Bananas with Chicken, and, Chicken with Tomato Sauce, and, Ugali, and Chapatis. Burundi also needs water.

                                                          This is our flag

                   Language

We speak two kinds of language. The nation's official languages are Kirundi and French.Kirundi is the language of everyday conversation, while French is generally used in government and business settings. A Bantu language, Kirundi is similar to and mutually intelligible with Kinyarwanda, one of Rwanda's official languages. Children are raised speaking Kirundi and go on to learn French and English in primary school.By the third year of primary school, French is the language of instruction. Swahili is an important secondary language used in urban areas.

                  Holidays

For our holidays we have New Year's Day, Unity Day, Easter, Labor Day, Ascension Day, Independence Day, All Saints' Day, and Christmas. For New Years Iowa have the same thing. Christmas, Easter, and Labor day are the holidays that Iowa has.

    This is one picture of a holiday

                     Arts

Drumming is the most celebrated of Burundi's art forms.The Master Drummers of Burundi is a local group that has achieved international acclaim for its performances of traditional drumming.The group's practice sessions can be heard across much of Bujumbura. Burundi people like to pain like cave men like to pain on the wall's.

  Country’s historical background

In 1976 brought Jean-Baptiste Bagaza to power as president.In 1987, Pierre Buyoya, led a coup that toppled Bagaza. The following year, ethnic tensions sparked more violence, with deaths totaling 150,000. Flooding: In February 2014, the capital city of Bujumbura was subject to heavy rains, which caused flooding and landslides.More than 50 people were killed and twice that many were injured.

     Government and economy

Burundi is a republic with a president as head of state and head of government.The president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term and must receive a majority of votes to take office, meaning that second-round elections are common. The president also appoints a cabinet called the Council of Ministers.                                      Economy:Years of civil war combined with the nation's limited resources have made Burundi one of the poorest countries in the world. Burundi relies heavily on foreign aid. The vast majority of people are subsistence farmers. Coffee and tea production dominates the economy. Other products include bananas, maize, sweet potatoes, cotton, sorghum, manioc, sugar, animal hides, and beef.

   Housing and Transportation

Many family homes were destroyed during Burundi's civil war. Foreign aid associations distribute materials for constructing shelters, and efforts are underway to build permanent dwellings for displaced people. However, many still lack adequate housing.

Rural:In rural areas, extended families often live together in a single compound surrounded by a fence. Within the compound, each nuclear family often lives in an urugo literally meaning fence, a collection of two or three small thatch-roofed huts surrounded by another fence.

Urban:In urban areas, families often live in houses with mud walls and floors; roofs are made of corrugated metal or clay tiles. Western housing is also common, especially in Bujumbura. This generally consists of multi-roomed houses made of cinder blocks, with corrugated metal roofs. Depending on the family's income, homes may have two bedrooms, a kitchen, and a living room, where visitors are received.

transportation: In Burundi, people generally travel on foot, even for long distances. Bicycles are common, especially in the capital. For a small fee, a person can ride on a “bicycle-taxi,” sitting on a small platform above the back wheel. Men straddle the platform; women sit “sidesaddle.” Most cars are owned by wealthy residents of Bujumbura.Four-wheel drive is often needed. Efforts are underway to improve the quality of roads. Landmines are still a risk in some parts of Burundi. Travel to neighboring countries is possible by bus or plane.

                 Housing

            Transportation

      School and education

Primary school begins at age seven and lasts six years. While primary school is technically mandatory, only about 62 percent of children finish. About 18 percent of children are enrolled in secondary school, which is divided into two levels. While in the past families often preferred to send their sons to school rather than their daughters, today nearly as many girls are enrolled as boys.

In 2005, the government pledged free public primary education and abolished school fees. This resulted in an overwhelming influx of students, both children and adults, compounding shortages of teachers, supplies, and classroom space. Even though families are not required to pay school fees, they must still pay for books and uniforms. In secondary school, students must also pay tuition.

               Education

Burundi has a number of private universities and one public university (Université du Burundi) with five campuses. Those students wishing to earn graduate degrees must attend universities abroad. Entrance to university is determined by a student's scores on the Examen d’Etat. Competition is fierce for spaces in public universities. Because of the high cost of private universities, most students who are not accepted to the public university are forced to discontinue their education.

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