The Effects of Chemicals on the Body

By: Landis Schrock. Due 11/12/13

MDMA

Street Names

Ecstasy, Adam, Cadillac, Beans, California Sunrise, Clarity, E, Essence, Elephants, Eve, Hug, Hug Drug, Love Drug, Love pill, Lover’s speed, Roll, X, XTC and Scooby snacks

The Chemical

Chemical Name: 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine

Chemical Formula: C11H15NO2

Structural Formula

Original Use

MDMA was originally intended to be used in psychotherapy to help patients who suffered from extreme anxiety or post traumatic stress disorder

Effects on the human body

Short Term: Euphoria, sense of intimacy, diminished anxiety, and mild psychedelia

Long Term: Anxiety, paranoia, depression, irritability, fatigue, impaired attention/focus/concentration/motivation, sense of intimacy, dizziness, vertigo, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal distress, insomnia, aches and pains (usually from excessive physical activity while high), exhaustion, and jaw soreness from excessive teeth grinding while high.

Chemical Reactions under the hood

MDMA releases Serotonin, Norepinephrine and Dopamine into the blood stream. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter thought to be responsible for feelings of happiness. Norepinephrine can function as both a neurotransmitter and hormone, and is thought to control cognitive alertness. Dopamine functions as a neurotransmitter to the brain, and when used in conjunction with the other ingredients in MDMA acts as a stimulant.

How this effects the population

According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, in 2012 there were a reported 16,162,000 lifetime users of MDMA, 2,610,000 past-year users, and 628,000 past-month users in the U.S. alone.

Addiction

While MDMA itself has no addictive ingredients like nicotine, users could become dependent on its side effects and could experience withdraw symptoms. The most common method of breaking MDMA addiction is weening you off with prescription anti-depressants like Prozac or Paxil that provide the Serotonin without the harmful sideffects of MDMA.

Conclusion

MDMA is a harmful drug that while it makes you happy and comfortable for a short duration, it is not worth the dizziness, diarrhea, and dance fever that it causes.

In short, "drugs are bad mmmmkay"

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