Colombian Exchange

Did you know that some of the products we know and love today might not have ever made it to this continent? When Columbus began his explorations and inspired many others to do the same, he began this process of exchange. Items from the "old world" (Europe, Asia, Africa) began to show up in the "new world" (North and South America) and like wise items from the new world began being taken back to the old world.


The old world spread and gave diseases to the new world, like smallpox, whooping cough, Diphtheria, Influenza, and Malaria. After Columbus’ arrival in the Americas, the animal, plant, and bacterial life of these two worlds began to mix. This process, first studied comprehensively by American historian Alfred Crosby, was called the Colombian Exchange. By reuniting formerly biologically distinct land masses, the Colombian Exchange had dramatic and lasting effects on the world.


Vanilla is a flavor derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla. The word vanilla, derived from the diminutive of the Spanish word vain, simply translates as little pod.It was also a trade from the old world  its impact on us today is that without vanilla we probably wouldn't have ice cream.


Turkeys originated in the new world. They came to Europe before the settlers came to america, and The native Americans used the feathers in their headdresses. They were useful to the native people of the Americas because they were major food source. It is a useful source today because it is a good food source.


Horses were brought from Europe to the Americas. They were a very important trade item. Horses allowed Native Americans to travel to find food and other supplies. Horses also helped strengthen military power. Horses were not the only animals making a large impact on the Americas. However, horses did make working more efficient. They would make farming easier because the Americas still did not invent the wheel. What they would do was, they would get farming tools strapped around them. For example they would pull a plow. This made it possible to plant more crops and harvest them.


It was traded from North America to Europe, Africa, etc.Originally corn was first cultivated by the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Empires in Mexico.  Corn impacted the Old World greatly. It was a massive food source to people. The result of people having access to this new food let them eat more frequently. This nutrition was extremely beneficial to them and in turn increases their life span.

Curtis Fruit

The oranges originated in Europe, particularly in Spain. The Spanish conquered Florida which explains why we think of oranges with Florida today. Citrus fruits were originally used for their beauty and color. People would put them on display as a decoration. Later, people realized that they could eat citrus fruits, or squeeze them into a juice. Most citrus fruits are acidic, but they are also very good for you. They have vitamin C and many other important nutrients. The citrus fruits could be used as a form of medicine and be used to improve health.