The causes of human trafficking are different in each country, but the question of “why?” is the same. Trafficking is a inhuman occurrence that is often driven or influenced by social, economic, cultural and other factors. Many of these factors are specific to an individual’s liking. However, there are many factors that tend to be common to trafficking in general or found in a wide range of different regions, patterns or cases. One factor is that the desire of potential victims to migrate is utilized by offenders to recruit and gain initial control or cooperation, only to be replaced by more coercive measures once the victims have been moved to another state or region of the country.
Human trafficking violates article four of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It says no one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Human trafficking obviously violates this article because it’s doing exactly what the article says not to do.
The people under this slavery are suffering because they are forced to have sex, or forced to work with little or no money! Sex trafficking exists within diverse venues including fake massage businesses, online escort services, residential brothels, in public on city streets and in truck stops, strip clubs, hotels and motels, and elsewhere. Labor trafficking has been found in domestic servitude situations, as well as sales crews, large farms, restaurants, carnivals, and more.There are two main factors driving the spread of human trafficking. It includes high profits and low risk. Human trafficking is a market-driven criminal industry that is based on the principles of supply and demand. Every year, traffickers generate billions of dollars in profits by victimizing millions of people around the world.
There are many things we can do to prevent human trafficking.
- Start a club or community group- Speaking about sex trafficking will get more people’s attention on how to stop and prevent it.
- Often times many massage parlors operate without a license and usually can host a commercial sex trade. So, take it up with the city council or even the state to have all the massage parlors licensed.
- Hold an awareness event- Doing this will open people’s eyes about what is happening around them and it will give them facts and anything they need to know.
"What's Being Done to Stop Human Trafficking?" What's Being Done to Stop Human Trafficking? Web. 21 May 2015.
"Take Action: 7 Ways to Join the Fight Against Human Trafficking." Take Action: 7 Ways to Join the Fight Against Human Trafficking. Web. 21 May 2015.
"404 – Page Not Found | Polaris | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery." 404 – Page Not Found | Polaris | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery. Web. 21 May 2015.
- The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) was authorized in 2000 and was the first federal law to address sex trafficking and labor trafficking in the United States. The TVPA focused on the prevention and protection for trafficking survivors, as well as prosecution for traffickers.
- This year, a bill to reauthorize the TVPRA has been reintroduced to Congress. It holds government contractors accountable for using foreign labor recruiters that use exploited labor, helps law enforcement prevent and prosecute sex tourism, and creates a grant-making program to prevent trafficking in humanitarian crises.
- In 2003, the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons established a universal trafficking definition and set a goal for countries to prevent and combat trafficking and assist victims. Also, the U.S. Department of State’s “Trafficking in Persons Report” offers suggestions for nations to comply with the “minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.”
- These efforts are challenging because there is not just one way to address trafficking across the world. Differing cultures, economics, and religions all make it complicated to implement laws, corruption, and cultural interpretations. Different systems of justice make them even more difficult to enforce.