Organic Compounds: They're in everything
Every living organism is made up of 4 organic compunds. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic acids, and Protiens. You have more than likely heard of these before but dont really know what they do for you. Well let me help.
Carbohydrates or carbs as most people say, are sugars and starches. Caboydrates are in most of your foods from Red velvet cake to rotini pasta. The job of Carbs are to give you energy. Unlike Lipids, carbs give you quick energy. Example, when you eat alot of candy or sweet stuff thats packed with sugar you get a energy rush and then within a hour or so you crash. There are two kinds of Carbohydrates: Simple sugars and Complex sugars. In these are sub units of Carbs, Monosaccarides, Disaccaride, and polysaccarides. Monosaccarides and Disaccharides ar the simple sugars because they are made of only one or two units of sugars linked together and Polysaccharides are the complex sugars because they are made of three or more untis of sugar linked together.
Lipids are the Fats and oils in your diet. Everyone has that struggle with trying to keep your intake of contents with high fat levels at a minimum, well fat is not totaly bad. Lipids jobs are to store energy and insulation. Dont confuse their storage of energy with the quick energy Carbs give you. Like Monosaccharides and disaccharides are carbs monomer and polymer(two or more units), Fatty acids and glycerol are lipids monomer and polymer.
Above is a picture of Saturated fat and Unsaturated fact. Saturated fat dont have any double bonds. The carbons have two hydrogens only. This makes the carbon saturated with hydrogen resulting in the fat generally being solid at room temperture. Unsaturated fats though have one or more doubled bonds between carbons, meaning not all the carbon has hydrogen bonded to it resulting in the oil being in a liquid state at room temperture.
Protiens are a little different from the last two compounds. They have so many functions all over the body and they are made up by more elements. All organic compounds are made with a 2:1 ratio of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon but protiens have even more than that. Protiens are made of a monomer called Amino acids. When individual Amin acids are bonded with peptide bonds they form polypeptide chains. Once these polypeptide chains are formed they then twist and/or fold to become protiens and identify with a function. These function vary from Muscular growth, to transport around the body, to regulation of the body in general.
The picture above shows protiens and the different froms that take on.
Enzymes are crucial to any living organism. Without them we wouldn't be able to create enough energy for the bioreations accuring in our bodies we need. Enzymes are inside our body therefore they work best at regular body tempeture, wich is why its important to keep a steady body tempeture. If a organisms body temperture gets to high or low the protiens within will begin to denature, Structure and form is very crucial to the function to of a protien and with out that shape they cant do thier function. This will effect your enzymes causing them to stop working and your organs to shut down then you die.
Nucleic acids are another type of organic compund that is essential to the body but these are more important in the Genes. These acids make up DNA and RNA. Nucleiotides(monomers) link together and twist to from a double helix called DNA, DNA then codes for RNA.