England in the high Middle ages

by: Cassie Hooper, and Jazmyne skinner

How does Conquest Effect future Empires Development?

The Norman Conquest

When King Edward the Confessor died, William duke of Normandy claimed to be the heir to the English throne. He was a distant cousin of the king's and felt it was his right. Because Harold Godwinson claimed the throne of England, William was offended and began plans for an invasion. Due to the claim of Harold Hadrada as well, Godwinson was now being attacked from the north and south. The Norwegian vikings were eventually defeated in the north, but while the English army was still recuperating the Normans attacked at Hastings and won the day. William, now known as William the Conqueror, was crowned king of England on Christmas in 1066.

Henry II

In 1151, when his father died Henry II became duke of Normandy & duke of Anjou. Then in 1152 he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, King Louis VII's divorced wife, gaining control of Aquitaine. In 1154 Henry II became king of England taking control after Stephan. Henry II had unauthorized castles destroyed, and to replace the Germanic trial by ordeal or battle the trial by jury was instituted.Eleanor gave Henry 5 sons and 3 daughters, and when in 1173 his sons rebelled against his plans for land division Eleanor supported them. Henry was king until 1189 when he was defeated by his son Richard and forced to accept a mortifying peace, and two days later he died.

Edward I: Representative government: magna Carta

After King John abused his power, the noblemen revolted and forced King John to enact the Magna Carta in 1215. This Charter recognizes the rights of Englishmen, and states that no one is above the law including the king. Just a few months after the charter was sealed, King John violated the law and a civil war began. A year later with the war still unresolved King John died leaving his son Henry III at age 9 to succeed the throne. The Magna Carta was reissued and then revised in 1216, 1217, & 1225.

Edward I son of Henry III and grandson of King John was married to Eleanor of Castile and had sixteen children with her. Edward I separated administration into four important parts the Exchequer, the Council, the Chancery, and the Household. The Exchequer receives and distributes currency, scanned the accounts of the areas officials, and kept records of the money. The Council acted as a court for cases of national importance, and also dealt with those important matters. The Chancery created and researched government documents, and the Household was a mobil court that followed the King where he went.

Capetian Dynasty

Hugh Capet a duke was elected king by nobles who believed him to be weaker than themselves. This marked the beginning of the Capetian dynasty, the capetian family held only a little land that centered in paris. The Capetian family ruled from 987 to 1328 and it that time their lands expanded. Philip II had a large role in this happening, he wanted more land and money and to get more money he implemented the Bailiffs. Bailiffs they were sent to all of the kingdoms districts and presided over the courts and collected the kings taxes.  In 1302 Philip IV fought with the pope who refused to allow the priests to pay the kings tax. to gain more support he added a third estate to the two existing which would be made of commoners. The first estate was made up of church leaders, and the second of powerful lords. All together they were called the Estates General and they helped to raise royal power against nobility.

    How does Conquest Effect future Empires Development?

The conquering of England allowed the future french rulers to implement governmental change.


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"Invasion of England, 1066." Invasion of England, 1066. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Henry II." Henry II. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014

"The Magna Carta 1215." The Magna Carta 1215. N.p., 25 Sept. 1995. Web. 14 Dec. 2014

"Edward I, Longshanks." Edward I, Longshanks. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Hallam, Elizabeth M. Capetian France. London: Longman, 1980. Capetian France. Web.

King William I "The Conqueror" (1028-1087)-Pt 2/3. YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"King Henry II Biography." King Henry II Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.


1. Distant Cousin

2. Norwegian Vikings

3. True

4. Magna Carta

5. Chancery

6. Philip IV

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