Causes Of The Revolution
Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris of February 10, 1763, was signed by Great Britain, France, and Spain. it terminated the Seven Years War. The two nations returned much of the territory that they had each captured during the war, but Britain gained much of France's possessions in North America. Additionally, Britain agreed to protect Roman Catholicism in the New World.
Proclamation of 1763
King George III
England’s longest-ruling monarch before Queen Victoria, King George III ascended the British throne.. The Proclamation of 1763 was announced on October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's gain of French Territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War, in which it forbade all settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relationship with Native Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western land.
The Sugar Act, in 1764, was an act that put a three-cent tax on foreign sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and wine. It banned importation of rum and French wines. These taxes affected only a certain part of the population, but the ones who were, were very vocal. Besides, the taxes were raised without the permission of the colonists. This was one of the first instances in which colonists wanted a say in how much they were taxed. The Sugar Act was repealed in 1766 and replaced with the Revenue Act of 1766, which reduced the tax to one penny per gallon on molasses imports, British or foreign. This occurred around the same time that the Stamp Act of 1765 was repealed.
The stamp act was an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766 and helped encourage the revolutionary movement against the British Crown.
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that happemedon March 5, 1770, between a patriot mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. One soldier accidentally fired; the captain never ordered to. Other soldiers started to fire also; many were killed and some were injured. The British captain, Thomas Preston, and his men were tried for murder, with Robert Treat Paine as prosecutor, John Adams and Josiah Quincy as lawyers for the defense. Preston and six of his men were acquitted; two others were found guilty of manslaughter, punished, and discharged from the army.
The Tea Act of 1733 gave a monopoly on tea sales to the East India Company. In other words, American colonists could buy no tea unless it came from that company. The Tea Act lowered the price on this East India tea so much that it was way below tea from other suppliers. But the American colonists saw this law as yet another means of "taxation without representation" because it meant that they couldn't buy tea from anyone else including other colonial merchants without spending a lot more money. Their response was to refuse to unload the tea from the ships. This was the situation in Boston that led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party
On December 16, 1773, a group of men calling themselves the "Sons of Liberty" went to the Boston Harbor. The men were dressed as Mohawk Indians. They boarded three British ships, the Beaver, the Eleanor, and the Dartmouth, and dumped forty-five tons of tea into the Boston Harbor. They did this because of the tax the British placed on tea.
When the British lost the French and Indian war, they were broke. The government decided to put taxes in place to help raise the money back. Colonists did not like that they were taxed without being asked if they wanted to. The British government had put the Sugar Act into place then replaced it with the Stamp Act of 1765. This had taxed tea and other goods. The colonists boycotted tea by throwing it over board 3 ships. This was called the Boston Tea Party. Because of this, the government punished Massachusetts with the Coercive Acts.
Lexington & Concord
Battle of Lexington: The Battle of Lexington was a small fight. You could hardly call it a battle, but it is important because it's where the Revolutionary War started. When the British arrived, there were only around 80 American militiamen in the town. They were led by Captain John Parker. They were up against a much larger British force led by Major John Pitcairn. Neither side expected to actually fight, but in the center of the confusion a gunshot went off leading the British to attack.. The gunshot was the first shot of the American Revolution and the start of the war; It was called the "shot heard around the world"
Battle of Concord: After the Americans fled from Lexington, the British marched to Concord. When they got to Concord, they met little resistance and started to search the town for the militia's hidden stash of weapons .The Americans beat the British troops at the North Bridge, helping the Americans regain their confidence.
Second Continental Congress
On May 10, 1775, the Second Continental Congress was meeting. While the battles of Lexington and Concord were on their minds, the delegates of twelve of the thirteen Colonies came together in Philadelphia to draw up a statement of positions in regards to the actions of the British Parliament. Georgia did not send a delegate.
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress. It states the reasons the British colonies of North America celebrated their indpendance on July 4, 1776.Those reasons were that all men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights that governments should never violate. These rights include the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.