DXM (Dextromethorphan)

Science Project; Mrs. Melle; 11/7/13; Hollis Harris

Dextromethorphan (Cough Syrup)

2. Street names: DXM, Dex, Robo, Triple C, Skittles, Tussin, C-C-C, Velvet, Red Devils, Vitamin D.

3. Dextromethorphan

4. C18H25NO

5. Picture above

6. Originally, DXM is used in cough syrup as a cough suppressant, for coughing caused by minor throat and bronchial irritation (that typical of the flu and common cold).

7. Short term effects: Body rash/itching, nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, closed-eye hallucinations, and difficulty breathing.

8. Long term effects: Psychological addiction (non-physical), hallucinations, dissociation, bloodshot eyes, dilated pupils, sweating, bruxia, hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, diarrhea, shallow breathing, urinary retention, muscle spasms, sedation, euphoria, blackouts, sight loss, inability to focus (ocular), skin rash.

9. Chemical reactions taking place inside the body: Metabolization by O-demethylation into dextrorphan; M-demethylation to 3-methoxymorphinan; partial conjugation glucuronic acid and sulfate ions.

10. Total #/% of US population affected: Around 3,000,000/Roughly 0.94%

11. Treatment for addiction: Most mental addiction/disorders fade or cease with simple discontinuation of DXM. However, medical intervention, 12-step programs, and recovery/rehab centers are also common for more chronic addictions.

12. DXM, or cough syrup, abuse is relatively widespread, being considered a serious issue pertaining to youth users across the nation. Due to it's primarily psychological addictive tendencies, DXM abuse can be hard to spot, and often goes unnoticed. It can have serious long term effects on the brain, and as such is a danger to the youth of America, being cheap, and easily attained.

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