Invitations By: Matthew, Sirine, Shannon, Farrah
Richard Nixon was a graduate of Duke Law School as well as the 37th President of the United States. During his term, he dealt a lot with Congress on environmental issues and was in office when the Endangered Species Act and Environmental Protection Agency were created. He was twice elected President, served as Vice President under Eisenhower and was even a Californian Senator, enabling him to speak for the whole country and especially California, the center of today's environmental movement.
Nixon would most likely agree that the United States federal government should intervene in the protection of the environment as shown by the many laws passed under him including: the Environmental Protection Agency, the Endangered Species Act and the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Nixon was by no means an environmentalist as a conservatism believer, for his environmental policy was mostly a result of low ratings, but he would believe that the government must interfere in order to better nature.
Fred Upton is a Republican Member of the House of Representatives from Michigan's 6th District and has served in the House of Representatives since 1989. He was in the Office of Management and Budget under the Reagan Administration and has a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Michigan. He currently chairs the House Energy and Commerce Committee and has done so since 2011 and has extensive knowledge of the Great Lake region due to growing up there.
Fred Upton has been considered at times to be "one of the biggest threats to planet Earth on planet Earth" for his constantly changing views on the environment (L.A. Times). He believes that the government can gradually use up her resource supply until new resources are necessary, meaning that as long as the price of oil is not increased, new jobs can slowly be made to find renewable resources; however, he is also a strong opponent of the EPA.
He graduated from Harvard University and studied philosophy and law at Vanderbilt University. He served as a military reporter during the Vietnam War, became a reporter for The Tennessean, served in the House of Representatives and the Senate, and was the 45th vice president of the United States under President Bill Clinton. The president would want him there because he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to raise awareness for global warming, so he is very informed on the topic and passionate about the subject.
His opinion on the topic would most likely be that he thinks the government should have a large role in the environmental movement. This can specifically be seen as he issued his strong ideas about the need to help the environment in his book, Earth in the Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit.
He attended Barber's Academy in Elizabethtown and Columbia University in New York City. He was elected twice to the Continental Congress and helped to write The Federalist, a series of papers that called for a stricter federal government and a society based on manufacturing. This document led to the ratification of the Constitution, which is the leading document of the nation. He became the first secretary of the treasury and close confidant of President George Washington. The president would want him there because he is a key Founding Father, who, as chief of staff to the first president, is very knowledgeable and experienced at deciding what the government’s role is in various issues.
His opinion on the topic would be that he doesn’t believe the government should have a large role in the environmental movement, as he would think that it is not a main priority that the U.S. would need to deal with. Based on his Report on Manufacturers, the most important job of the government is to increase manufacturing in order to stimulate the country’s economy and trade, even if it is not done in a particularly environmentally-friendly way. He would most likely think that the factory system and maintaining the system of manufacturing and industry that the U.S. has takes precedence over protecting the environment.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson became the 36th president after JFK’s assassination. Johnson was reelected in 1964 and began to implement his Great Society Programs. Although the “Great Society” was mainly a war against poverty, it had a broad and extensive amount of environmental protection. Johnson was responsible for the Wilderness Act of 1964, the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966, the National Trails System Act of 1968, and the Land and Water Conversation Act of 1965.
Johnson was born in Texas and attended Georgetown University where he met his beloved wife who was greatly passionate about the environment. Briefly after he married, he worked under one of Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs. Johnson returned to Texas and won a seat in Congress and worked hard to eliminate waste and reduce pollution in rivers.
In Johnson’s opinion, he believed it was the government’s responsibility to take authority to act forcefully against air and water pollution. He believed it was important for Americans to enjoy the scenery and as a result added over 50 more national parks. In order to reduce pollution, Johnson provided a great amount of money for research on the environment and pollution.
Tom Cotton is a member U.S House of Representatives representing Arizona’s 4th district since 2013. He graduated from Harvard Law School and since then has worked in politics and government and thus is knowledgeable regarding political issues.
Like many of the Republican Party, Cotton supports corporations promoting oil and coal if they can stimulate economic growth. In his opinion, he supports that America should use as much fossil fuel as possible to become an energy independent nation. He only supports alternative energy if it can compete in its own market. Cotton has been opposed to many acts including the National Ocean Policy, Clean Energy Funding, and the prevention of Drilling in Bristol Bay.
Roosevelt became the youngest president in the nations history after the assassination of William McKinley. He brought new life and excitement to his cabinet and to the nation. He cared about a number of issues big and small namely what to do with our nations resources. He was known as our nations “Conservation President” because he claimed several lands as national parks. He personally enjoyed hunting and other outdoor activities thus giving him credibility; as he spent more time in the wilderness he became increasingly alarmed at the damage being done to the land and the wildlife that inhabited it. Roosevelt used his authority to protect wildlife and public lands by creating the U.S. Forest Service and establishing 51 Federal Bird Reservations, 4 National Game Preserves, 150 National Forests, 5 National Parks, and enabling the 1906 American Antiquities Act, which he used to proclaim 18 National Monuments and thus he would advocate for government interference in environmental issues.
The Koch family is responsible for developing a new way to refine oil into gasoline. Koch industries is the second largest private company in the United States with sales of $115 Billion annually. The environmental damage is simply collateral damage when you are making that much money. Koch actually paid millions of dollars in support to oppose Obama’s new green program. He doesn't care about the all the atmospheric damage that his business creates he just wants to continue making a large profit. He would certainly disagree with Roosevelt on saving land that could be used for it natural resources.