Carter Leak's World History Project

Chinese Dynasties

Sui Dynasty (581-618)

The Sui dynasty began at the fall of the Han dynasty. The Sui dynasty ended the period of disunion that lasted more than 350 years in 589 when ruler Wendi reunified China. Wendi worked to create a centralized government. Emperor Wendi and his empress converted to Buddhism. He used past dynasties as an example. During this dynasty there was also the completion of the Grand Canal. Yang di, who was Wendi's son, ruled after Wendi. Click this to find out more about the accomplishments and culture of the Sui dynasty.

Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty (618-907)

During the Tang dynasty, China experienced lots of technological advances along with peace and prosperity. This dynasty was in rule for a very long time. The Tang dynasty ruled for almost 300 years. Taizong ruled the dynasty from 626 to 649. He was one of Chinas most admired leaders. After Taizong's son became ruler and became weak and sick, Wu Zhao gained power. Click to learn about achievements and culture.

Ruler Taizong

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

This dynasty ruled for nearly 300 years. Emperor Taizu ruled for 16 years and had his capital in Kaifeng during the Northern Song. The dynasty in 1127 changed from the Northern Song to the Southern Song. The culture was very similar to the Tang dynasty such as advanced in art and science. Painting was at a very high artistic level. The typography was invented in the science field. Click to find out more about culture and government.

Mongols (1206-1370)

The Mongols were led by Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan led the Mongols in conquering much of Asia. When fighting against the Chinese and the Turks in central Asia, they learned the art of attacking called siege warfare, and the use of gunpowder. This is a main reason why the Mongols were able to take over most of Asia. In 1227, Genghis Khan died and told his sons to rule the large empire that he had created for them. They divided the Mongol empire into four regions. The rulers of the regions were part of the Khan family. Click here for more information on the Mongol empire.

Map of Empire as it grew. Then split

Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)

Kublai Khan ruled during this dynasty. He moved the capital to Beijing, China. He adopted some Chinese culture and practices to keep peace. The Mongols were viewed as rude intruders to the Chinese. Kublai Khan distrusted the Chinese so they were only allowed to work at the local level in the government. The Mongols held the higher positions in government. During the Yuan dynasty, the Chinese were used to build and construct projects for the Yuan dynasty. The Yuan dynasty basically used the previous Chinese government but controlled it.  Click here to find more information on the Yuan dynasty.

Kublai Khan

Japanese and Korea
Yamato Clan (500-794)

Japan, 500 BC the Yamato Clan rose to power. They believed that the ruler should be the Grandson of the sun goddess. . The Yamato's had a centralized government and bureaucracy. They adopted fashions, foods, tea, art, music, dance, and gardening from the Chinese. They had a very strong military and captured many different clans. Click here for more information on the Yamato clan.

Yamato Clan in Japan
Nintoku

Heian Period (794-1185)

The capital Heian is now called Kyoto. Heian is where Japanese culture became big. The nobles lived in very nice palaces and elegance was a huge part of the culture. There were many rules of etiquette, and women all wore pretty much the same thing. Lots of people started to write poetry. Cick here for more information on the Heian period.

Koryo Dynasty (918-1392)

The Silla kingdom eventually weakened, and around 935 rebels defeated it and founded the Koryo dynasty. The main ruler of the Koryo dynasty was King Taejo. Only nobles could take civil service examination and government positions were inherited. As result, Korean society was divided between a powerful nobility and the rest of the people. Click this link for more information on the Koryo Dynasty.

Map of Koryo Dynasty

South East Asian Dynasties

Pagan Kingdom (849-1300)

At about 849, people called the Burmans established the kingdom of Pagan in what is now Myanmar. The first great king was Anawrahta, which he ruled from 1044 to 1077. He began to conquer bordering areas and he united most of Myanmar under his rule. They supported Buddhism and it became a center for learning about Buddhism. An achievement of theirs was the irrigation system.Click this link for more information on the Pagan Kingdom.

Khmer Empire (802-1431)

In the southeast to Pagan, the strong power of the Khmer Empire arose in what is now Cambodia. The most known and respected ruler from that time was Jayavarman II. The Khmer began to conquer surrounding cities and area to start the build of a great empire. In 850 to 1220 was the height of this empire.  They were both Hindu and Buddhist and ruled as gods. Angkor was the capital and had a temple in the center. Click here for more information on the Khmer Empire.

Vietnam (939-1870

The Vietnamese happen to be descendants from the Mongols. The first ruler Hung Vuong founded the nation in 2879. There culture was strongly based off of the Mongols. Click here for more information on Vietnam.

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