Textbook Glossary

Textbook pg. 640-643

Metaphors- describe one thing as if it were something else: Her eyes were saucers, wide with expectation
Personification- Gives human quality to something non human
Similes- Use like or as to compare two unlike things; the ice water was like stinging bees
Alliteration- The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words; Feathered friend
Repetition- The repeated of a sound, word or phrase.
Assonance- The repeated use of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different consonant sounds
Consonance- The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds
The use of words that imitate sounds
The repetition of sounds at the end of the word
The pattern of strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem

TB pg. 641

Lines- The basic structural component of a poem
One or more lines that make up the basic units of a poem separated by spacing
The measured arrangement of words in poetry, as by written or the numbers or syllables in a line.
Rhyme Scheme-
The pattern of rhyming lines in a poem or song.

TB pg. 642

Lyric Poetry- Expresses the thought and feeling of a single speaker often in very musical verse. The speaker and the poet are not always the same person. Lyric poetry is a broad category that includes many specific types of poems.
Fourteen-line poems with a formal time that follows a specific rhyming scheme. Sonnets subject may vary, but the purpose of a sonnet is to praise.
Poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea
Formal poems that reflect of death or other solemn, serious themes. The structure of elegies varies considerably.
Narrative Poetry-
Tells story in verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story, such as setting, plot, and characters, the category of narrative, narrower classifications, such as epics and ballads.
Epics- Long serious poems that tell the story of a heroic figure
Ballads- tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend that often has a repeated refrain. They are about love and are usually sung. It is a song it poetic form
Free Verse Poetry- defined by its lack of strict structure, it has no regular  meter, not intentional rhyme, no fixed lenght and no specified stanza pattern.
Limericks- Humorous five-line poems, with a specific rhythmic pattern, and and AABBA rhyme scheme.
Concrete Poem- The words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggest the topic of ideas in the poem
-  Short, UN-rhymed poems, often about nature. Its tone is ofter thoughtful but it can be playful as well.