Textbook Glossary

Textbook pg. 640-643

Metaphors- describe one thing as if it were something else: Her eyes were saucers, wide with expectation
Personification- Gives human quality to something non human
Similes- Use like or as to compare two unlike things; the ice water was like stinging bees
Alliteration- The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words; Feathered friend
Repetition- The repeated of a sound, word or phrase.
Assonance- The repeated use of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different consonant sounds
Consonance- The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds
Onomatopoeia-
The use of words that imitate sounds
Rhyme-
The repetition of sounds at the end of the word
Rhythm-
The pattern of strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem

TB pg. 641

Lines- The basic structural component of a poem
Stanzas-
One or more lines that make up the basic units of a poem separated by spacing
Meter-
The measured arrangement of words in poetry, as by written or the numbers or syllables in a line.
Rhyme Scheme-
The pattern of rhyming lines in a poem or song.

TB pg. 642

Lyric Poetry- Expresses the thought and feeling of a single speaker often in very musical verse. The speaker and the poet are not always the same person. Lyric poetry is a broad category that includes many specific types of poems.
Sonnets-
Fourteen-line poems with a formal time that follows a specific rhyming scheme. Sonnets subject may vary, but the purpose of a sonnet is to praise.
Odes-
Poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea
Elegies-
Formal poems that reflect of death or other solemn, serious themes. The structure of elegies varies considerably.
Narrative Poetry-
Tells story in verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story, such as setting, plot, and characters, the category of narrative, narrower classifications, such as epics and ballads.
Epics- Long serious poems that tell the story of a heroic figure
Ballads- tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend that often has a repeated refrain. They are about love and are usually sung. It is a song it poetic form
Free Verse Poetry- defined by its lack of strict structure, it has no regular  meter, not intentional rhyme, no fixed lenght and no specified stanza pattern.
Limericks- Humorous five-line poems, with a specific rhythmic pattern, and and AABBA rhyme scheme.
Concrete Poem- The words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggest the topic of ideas in the poem
Haikus
-  Short, UN-rhymed poems, often about nature. Its tone is ofter thoughtful but it can be playful as well.