The Taxonomy of the Green Anaconda
By: David O'Neal
What is Taxonomy?
- Taxonomy is a branch of science dealing with the identification of different organisms in an environment. In taxonomy you will have 7 different taxon levels. The 7 taxon levels are the kingdom,phylum,class,order,family,genus, and species.
- All organisms are classified using the 2 part naming system between the genus and the species.
An Anacondas Taxonomy
Kingdom- Animalia: This means the organism is multicellular and eukaryotes. They are heterotrophs meaning they depend on other organisms for food. The organisms are motile which means they can move independently and spontaneously on their own. The organism reproduce sexually from the eggs and the sperms.
Phylum-Chordata: Organisms have a spinal cord and vertebrate during their life either at birth or during the growth of the organism.
Class-Reptilia: This means the organism is a reptile in scientific terms, The organism is descended from four-limbed ancestors. The body can be diverse in different shapes. The organism is covered with scales with few glands.
Order-Squamata: This contains scaled reptiles from snakes to alligators to lizards. These organisms can live pretty much anywhere from dry to wet climates but are primarily found in the wet rainforest of South America. They usually will feed of off organisms like birds, tapirs, wild pigs, capybaras, caimans, and have also known to eat jaguars.
Family-Boidae: These are nonvenomous snakes located in America, Africa, Europe, Asia, and few Pacific Islands
Genus- Eunectes: Meaning "Great Swimmers" This genus contains boas found in tropical South America.
Species- Murinus: Not the longest snake but the green anaconda is adapted for its aquatic lifestyle, with its eyes and nostrils positioned on top of the head, enabling the snake to see and breathe while the rest of the body is underwater.
Where can the Green Anaconda be found?
The life of The Green Anaconda
"Green anacondas are active primarily at night and spend most of the daytime hours sleeping. They are solitary animals, usually only coming together for breeding. Although they have a nasty reputation toward humans, anacondas will typically flee or rely on their camouflage to avoid human contact.
Green anacondas will eat just about anything that they can overpower, including mammals, fish, birds and other reptiles. While they are often referred to as “man-eaters,” there have actually been no documented cases of an anaconda consuming a human.
Green anacondas bear live young and typically produce 20 to 30 at a time, although there have been reports of a single female producing up to 100 young. Young are born fully-formed and receive no parental care. The initial growth rate is somewhat rapid but slows once the animal reaches sexual maturity, which typically occurs around 4 to 5 years of age." -Atlanta Fulton County Zoo, Inc.
Interesting Facts about the Green Anaconda
- Green anacondas hold the record as the heaviest snakes in the world being able to weigh up to 500+ pounds .
- Green Anacondas are ambush predators meaning they hunt in camouflage and attack quietly.
- Anacondas never stop growing in their life span.
- Green anacondas have been known to partake in cannibalism. Females have been reported to eat smaller male anacondas.
- The Anaconda uses constriction and the strength of their jaws to help defeat and feast on their pray.