Ecology is the scientific study of interactions of organisms and their environment.
This individual is a llama, it probably lives on a farm.
Individual- a single organism in a community
Population- all of the organisms in a community, of the same species
Since llamas have delicious meat, many predators love to eat them. Because of this, llama herds often have individuals keeping watch. They protect the herd and alert them of any predators. Llamas are known to help humans. Some people use llamas to pack stuff on when climbing up mountains, or traveling.
Different organisms interact to make a community through commensalism, mutualism, and parasitism. In this picture, and example of commensalism is the reef providing protection for the fish, the fish provide nothing in return though, so this is commensalism. An example of mutualism is the big fish protecting the little fish, and the little fish allowing the big fish to live with them in the reef. An example of parasitism is the humans polluting the ocean and destroying the ecosystem
Community- where all the biotic factors live
Ecosystem- all the abiotic and biotic factors interacting together
Organisms depend on the abiotic and biotic factors in ecosystems because lots of organisms take shelter in abiotic things. For example, a small fish may swim under a rock and take shelter for a while.
Plantae- river daisy
Protista are eukaryotic, reproduce asexually, and can be heterotrophs or autotrophs
Plants are eukaryotic, multicellular, and are autotrophs.
Fungi are eukaryotic, multicellular, and are heterotrophs
Animals are eukaryotic, multicellular, and are heterotrophs
Hawks and owls are consumers in the ecosystem. They are heterotrophs, this means that they have to go out and get their food. Whether that is by eating a squirrel, or snacking on a smaller bird.
producer- an organism that is able to produce, or make, its own food. Usually plants.
consumer- an organism that goes out and gets its own food, either by hunting, or gathering.
decomposer- an organism that breaks down its victims. Mushrooms are known to do this.
The sun, water, and a rock. These are abiotic factors, and despite the fact that they are nonliving, they are still part of the ecosystem. Nothing would be alive without the sun, or water, and rocks provide good shelter.