Pesident at Steven J. Covici, MD, FACS, PC, Plastic Surgery
A respected oculofacial plastic surgeon who oversees his own practice, Dr. Steven Covici has also served as a clinical instructor, author, and speaker. Prior to his career as a physician, Dr. Steven Covici pursued his education at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Dr. Steven Covici earned a Bachelor of Arts in Biological Basis of Behavior in 1989 and subsequently attended Northwestern University in Chicago, where he earned a Doctor of Medicine in 1993.
After earning his medical degree, Dr. Steven Covici pursued extensive postgraduate training, including a one-year internship in general surgery at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s-Medical Center in Chicago. Dr. Steven Covici remained at the institution, completing a three-year residency in the Department of Ophthalmology. During this period, Dr. Steven Covici received the Beem-Fisher Award for outstanding resident research from the Chicago Ophthalmological Society. Dr. Steven Covici remained at the facility for another year as Chief Resident, delving deeper into his area of practice through a year-long fellowship in oculofacial plastic and reconstructive surgery at The Scheie Eye Institute, The Center for Human Appearance, and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Possessing a deep knowledge of his field, Dr. Steven Covici has directed a private practice in Springfield, Massachusetts, for more than a decade. In addition to supporting patients, Dr. Steven Covici maintains involvement in the medical community as an educator, including past roles as a Clinical Instructor at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. He currently is an attending physician at Baystate Medical Center. Dr. Steven Covici also offered his insight as a member of the Education Committee of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Dr. Steven Covici’s articles have appeared in numerous notable publications, including Pediatric Oculoplastic Surgery and Duane’s Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. Dr. Steven Covici belongs to a host of professional organizations, including the American Medical Association, the American Board of Ophthalmology, and the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery.
Botox - A Brief History
Based in Springfield, Massachusetts, Steven Covici, MD, is a well-respected oculofacial surgeon who maintains affiliations with several hospitals in the Springfield area, including Bay State Medical Center and Mercy Medical Center. He serves as Chief of Ophthalmology at Baystate Medical Center. In addition, Dr. Steven Covici operates a busy private practice, where he offers a range of surgical and nonsurgical cosmetic treatments, such as eyelid lifts, chemical peels, and Botox.
The neurotoxic protein found in Botox, botulinum toxin, was first discovered in the 1820s by German physician Justinus Kerner while he was investigating the deaths of Germans who died after eating sausage. Decades later, Dr. Emile Pierre van Ermengem identified several strains of botulinum, including the four that can make humans sick.
During the 1950s, scientists discovered that the botulinum toxin type A strain had the ability to reduce muscle spasms if it were injected in small doses. This discovery led to a number of scientific studies that revealed that the strain was a safe and effective treatment for not only various spasms but also crossed eyes.
The FDA approved botulinum type A for treatment purposes in 1989, and the toxin was renamed Botox. Since then, Botox has been approved for use in treating a number of other medical and cosmetic issues, including frown lines and wrinkles.