ENGLISH LEARNING

Learning a First Language
First and Second Language Acquisition
Teaching by Pinciples
Factors affecting Second Language Acquisition

1) Learning a First Language

  • Babies: babble - coo - cry
  • 1-year-old: Attempt to imitate words they hear
  • 18 months: two-word and three-word sentences (telegtaphic utterances)
  • 3-year-old: speech capacity mushrooms - incesant conversation - nonstop chattering
  • school age: what to say and what not to say - social functions

Different  theories

Behaviourism (Skinner) = SAY WHAT I SAY

Innatism (Chomsky) = IT'S ALL IN YOUR MIND

Interactionism (Piaget - Vigotsky) = A LITTLE HELP FROM MY FRIENDS

2) First and Second Language Acquisition

3) Teaching by principles

There are three types of principles:

Mental and intellectual (congnitive)

Emotional (socioafective)

Language (linguistic)

Congnitive principles

  • Automaticity
  • Meaningful learning
  • The anticipation of reward
  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Strategic investment
  • Autonomy

Socioaffective principles


  • Language ego
  • Willingness to communicate
  • The language-culture connection

Linguistic principles

  • The native language effect
  • Interlanguage
  • Communicative competence

4) Factors affecting secong language acquisition

  • Intelligence
  • Aptitude
  • Personality
  • Motivation and attitudes
  • Learner preferences
  • Learner beliefs
  • Age of acquisition

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