The Shift from Rural to Factory
Kaustubh, Ronit, Chase, Madison
Describe the Factory - A single or group of buildings/mechanical machines made to work by machine and faster forces to produce and gain.
● It changed from going on ones own pace, to a required speed.
● This gave new managerial systems, with the number of minority increasing.
Change of power system
● Steam engines and factories changed the power source.
● It went from water based power to steam
● Spinning wheels and Looms got decreased due to the change
● It made production/factories to be accessible anywhere in the country.
● Since rivers were not needed, factories came to people instead of people going to to factories.
● The gin helped for many reasons.
● It was created to help produce yarn from Cotton
● A usual cotton mill took 150-300 people from the workforce
● These machines can replace 880 men with a 100 horsepower
Population, Urbanization, Workforce
● This system of factories being built near population helped urbanization.
● This system gave space for more people to work, it brought it many rural people to the urban areas.
● The new areas brought many problems such as diseases, sanitation, safety, political, and social problems.
● Cities could not handle this many people, so at this period cities began to grow with population, innovation, and urbanization.
● Child labor started at this time
● Boys and girls worked 10-12 hours a day
● ages started from 5-6 years
● This created a law that since 1833 kids can not work
● This was a new system invented at this era, and this provided inspiration for the rest of the world.
● Work is now done at a faster time and rate of production, and more people are employed
● As political and social problems are trying to get handled, People are working on infrastructure and sanitation to improve cities.
● This made towns grow, legislations pass, invent a new labor, saved time , and saved money
Effect of Urbanization
By: Madison Johnson
- Many people moved towards the cities, because of the abundance of factories, close proximity of workplaces, and accessable transportation.
- The movement of the population toward the cities aided in the creation of a middle class, because the new factories required numerous more job positions.
- The high concentrated population caused a shortage of employment, housing, and public services for the growing population.
- Places called shantytowns, the poorest areas of urbanized cities, suffered the most from the deficiency of public services - often enduring poor sanitation, lack of electricity and water shortages.
By: Ronit Singhal
- They had hired many women and children, who could be hired for lower wages than men
- The low-paid workers that were hired usually worked for as long as sixteen hours a day.
- Working hours lasted from dawn to dusk in which in they had to work six days a week.
- Many of the workers were subjected with pressure and physical punishments in order to make them speed up production.
- Since many of the machines that the workers used did not ensure full safety, there had been many injuries and accidents
- The wages were extremely low for entire families (father, mother, and children) so they had to work in order to help themselves survive.
- Children were employed in coal mines, pushing or pulling coal carts, grew up stunted in growth, and died at an early age, usually by their twentieth year.
- Factory owners such as those in steel industry or the coal mine industry built company towns where they afforded the workers a place to live and without the job he couldn't leave.
- People who worked in sweatshops were not allowed to talk, and were forced to work late into the night so they could finish their task otherwise they wouldn't get paid
- Many children were hired to work as coal miners because their small hands could fit into narrow openings to scrape coal from the mine walls and were paid a dollar a day.
Old Domestic World
- Before factories, all products were manufactured at the home on a small scale
- The work was done by all members doing there part which led to slow
and laborious work
-Merchants sent raw materials to rural workers who produced goods from
those materials, usually in their homes. The workers then gave the
finished goods to the merchants in exchange for payment.
- An advantage of the domestic system is that it was a lower wage for
the workers which gave more money to the merchants
-It was used in the English and American textile industries, in shoe making, lock-making trades and making parts for small firearms