Koala


Koalas are one of Australia's tropical mammals.

Description

Koalas are herbivores,they eat Eucalyptus leaves. They have sharp claws which help them climb trees. Koalas have similar finger prints to humans. Their noses are either pink or black. A baby koala is called a joey. A joey lives in its mothers pouch for around six months. Koalas live from 13 to 18 years of age, the males die sooner.  

Habitat

Koalas live in sub-tropical zones in Eastern Australia in Eucalyptus woodland and bushes. There are lots of different types of Eucalyptus trees, Koalas prefer 60 types.

Shelter

The Koala's only shelter is in a Eucalyptus tree. They do not use tree hollows or nests. They shelter between the branches and leaves. It protects them from all types of weather.

Biological Relationships

A Koala's predators are dingoes, feral cats and wild dogs. They don't have any prey because they eat Eucalyptus.

Life Cycle

Koalas mate from August to January. A female can mate from the age of three. It takes thirty five days for a joey after mating.

Food Chain

Biome

A Koala's biome is in native Eucalyptus, bush land on the island and coastal areas of Australia. Koalas do climb other trees like Wattle and Melaleuca but they live in Eucalyptus trees.


Interesting Facts

Koala numbers have dropped in the wild to below 80,000.

Males in Queensland weigh 6.5kg compared to Victorian Koalas who weigh 12kg.

In north Australia their fur is a silver grey and in the south their fur is a thicker brown fur.

The Koala is a consumer.

Koalas sleep 18 to 20 hours a day!

Koalas sometimes eat a little dirt to digest all the Eucalyptus leaves they eat.


Bibliography

  • Google Images
  • Wikipedia
  • Animals of the world [book]

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