Aztec

Natalie Ussery

People

The Aztec believed in many gods. Supreme gods called Ometeotl, which represented the all powerful force of the heaven. Aztecs religion was based on belief in an unending struggle between forces of good and evil. This struggle between good and evil made Aztec people believe 4 worlds were created and those 4 were destroyed. Also that they were living in the 5th world and that it too would be destroyed by earthquakes. The Aztec people practiced human sacrificing to please the sun god Huitzilopochtli. Quetzalcoatl had a more direct impact on the lives of the people. Story goes that Quetzalcoatl had left his homeland in the Valley of Mexico in the tenth century, promising to return in triumph. When the Aztec first saw spanish explorers in the 1500’s, they believed that representatives of Quetzalcoatl had returned.

These pictures are all example of the Aztecs belief in the "Sun God Huitzilopochtli. This video shows how the Aztecs beliefs were w/ the Huitzilopochtli, and what they did to "please" it.

Ruler

Aztecs political structure was first a monarch. Their type of government was Authoritarian which is favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority espicially that of the the government, at the expense of personal freedom ,then came the Council of lords and government officials assisted the Aztec Ruler Male children would go to temple school and once they reached adulthood they would choose a career in Military Service. For their services they would receive large estates from the government Women were to stay home and take care of the houseAztec women could own and inherit property and enter into contracts something not often allowed in other world cultures at the timeSome were also trained to become priestessesSlaves were also used in house of wealthy worked in sold in the markets Most people were commoners and most of those commoners were farmers. Other were Merchants, indentured Workers. Aztec rulers name is Moctezuma.

Thes pictures are of the Aztec God Moctezuma. The video explains and shows how Moctezuma ruled and how the Aztec people were.

Region

The origins of the aztec are uncertain. It has been told from the god of war Huitzilopochtli that when they saw an eagle perched on a cactus growing out of a rock their journey would end.In 1325, under attack by another people they were driven into the swamps and islands of Lake Texcoco. On one of the Islands they saw an eagle standing on a prickly pear cactus on a rock. There they built Tenochtitlan. Now mexico city and stayed their until the 1500’s when the spanish conquistadors arrived.

These are pictures of the region of Aztec.

Food

Aztec would..

         Grow Corn on their homeland which they would call it Maize.

  • They would use Maize in order to grind it and turn it into Flour.
  • With the flour they were able to make tortillas
  • They hunted and fish very well
  • Chocolate was one of the greatest things to come from mexico.
  • They learned how to transform cocoa beans into sweet chocolate.
  • To add to these three, the Mexicas (people of the Aztec Empire) ate chillies, tomatoes, limes, cashews, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, and of course chocolate.
  • The Mexicas domesticated bees for honey, and turkeys for meat and eggs, also dogs and duck.
  • They hunted and fished as well, and used animals such as deer, rabbits, iguana, fish and shrimp for food.
  • Even insects, such as grasshoppers and worms were harvested.
  • These various types of meat made up only a very minor part of the Aztec food that was eaten.

These pictures show how the Aztec poeple hunted for their food.

Shelter

  • Aztec homes were made of adobe (sun dried brick made from adobe clay).
  • Aztec doctors believed that everyone should have access to a steam bath - and so every Aztec home in Tenochtitlan (though not throughout the empire) had a separate building for that purpose.
  • A fire was placed against the wall, and then water was poured on the hot wall creating the steam. Some would be more elaborate. The steam bath was called the temazcalli, which means "house to sweat".
  • nobles had homes with a similar layout, but they would sometimes be made of better materials, such as lime or stone. These Aztec homes would be bigger and more elaborate.
  • In the adobe walls would be the doors. It was common for the windows (if there were any) to have two parallel sides and then two sides of different length. This shape or rectangles were very basic in Aztec architecture.

I feel the homes of the Aztec were nice based on how little of  resources they had. And their shelter appear to of been pretty big per family.

Weapons

  • Maquahuitl is known to be one of the most known weapons of the aztects.
  • One handed and two handed sort of like sword
  • Made from wood (usually oak), they were about 3-4" wide and 3-4' long.
  • The two handed versions might be slightly wider and as tall as a person.
  • Embedded in the edges was obsidian (volcanic stone) or flint.
  • quauhololli was another weapon knows as a club
  • mace made of wood with a ball at the end.
  • sometimes just made of wood, other times with embedded stone as the maquahuitl.
  • Another common ancient Aztec weapon was the spear
  • They were extremely sharp and over 7 feet tall
  • it had a blade that was a foot wide made of smaller stone blades in the end
  • They are called tepoztopilli

This is the Maquahuitl

What the spear most likely looked like that the Aztec fought or hunted with

The quauholollis

The End

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