Duke University, home of the blue devils, was founded in 1838 by Brantley York. He got the school up and running and then a man named Braxton Craven guided it from there. Braxton Craven needed to keep the school open and running and so then went searching for assistance from the state. North Carolina then renamed the institute as Normal College in 1851 and gave the privilege of granting degrees in 1853. Craven still needed more help because the state's public school system was developing slowly. Because he was a licensed preacher he turned to the Methodist Episcopal Church. The agreement was that Methodist preachers were educated for free in return for financial support from the church. This change caused the school to be renamed to Trinity College in 1859. Around 1924 plans for universities to be established around Trinity College was made. At this time William P. Few was president. The Duke family's blessings made this plan go into action. James B. Duke, the richest of the family established the $40 million trust fund. This money was distributed to hospitals, orphanages, the Methodist Church, three colleges and a University around Trinity. Then in addition $19 million was given to reconstruct the old campus into a new one. President Few took the changes as an opportunity for a new identity of the school. He insisted that the college should be called Duke University and James B. Duke agreed and said it could be a memorial to his father and family.
One Duke university tradition is a bon fire but this wasn't allowed at the beginning due to many unauthorized bench and bonfires in 1998. But throughout the years many students insisted on commemorating games with bench burnings, and student-administration tensions increased. During the 1998 season, twenty-five students were arrested for disorderly conduct and starting unauthorized fires, while student editorials accused police of excessive force when responding to unauthorized fires. That year, the administration refused to allow the traditional bonfires and planned giant foam parties instead to celebrate major victories–unsurprisingly, most students were not enthused. In a February 5, 1998 Chronicle article titled “Students reject foam, beg for fire,” freshmen expressed disappointment about missing out on an established tradition and upperclassmen also rejected the plan: “the administration’s heart is in the right place, but foam is kind of a moronic idea.”
Three days after the Duke-UNC game, on March 3, 1998 students burned many benches despite regulations, strategically organizing a decoy to draw police attention away from the real fire. A quote from a Chronicle article following the incident states eloquently: “They took away our alcohol, and we stood by and watched. Then they took away our housing, and we stood by and watched. Then they tried to take away our bonfires, and we went to war.” It was a clever display of student unity to fight back against the administration’s perceived encroachment on their rights, and it worked: the administration sanctioned bonfires and bench burning as long as it adhered to city fire codes.
Duke does not have a minimum requirement for SAT, ACT, GPA, or class ranking for consideration or admissions.
Mean scores of students accepted into Duke
SAT Verbal/Critical Writing 680-790
SAT Math - 700-800
SAT Reading - 700-790
ACT Composite - 31-35
Tuition and Fees - $47,488Room - $6,526Board - $6,050Books and Personal Expenses - $3,466
Check out this video I made with Animoto: Duke University - http://animoto.com/play/rCsYur05hbs8drIkeAq8ew