Max Peters

Team 7-3 Omaha Zoo Trip
May 1, 2014

Welcome to the Jungle

Countershading helps camouflage this stingray from prey and predators alike.

Common Name: Southern Stingray   Scientific Name: Dasyatis americana

Biome: Ocean/Saltwater                    Home Range: Tropical & sub-tropical waters in the                                                                                   Western Atlantic Ocean from New                                                                                     Jersey to Brazil

Fish Adaptations                                      Stingray Adaptations

- Have gills to breathe underwater                - Camouflage helps it blend in with the water

- Fins help fish move in water                      - Has mouth underneath body to filter-feed on                                                                      ocean floor and swim simultaneously

- Eyelids keep water out of eyes & let the     - Has poison stinger for self-defense or to hunt   fish see in the water

- Osmoregulation keeps the fish properly      - May hide in the sand of the seafloor from salinated                                                      predators

- Have lateral line systems for detecting        - They undulate in order to swim                       sound in water

Puerto Rican crested toads are nocturnal. Its dark coloration lets it blend in.

Common Name: Puerto Rican             Scientific Name: Peltophryne lemur                                                 Crested Toad

Biome: Forest                                     Home Range: Southern coast of Puerto Rico in the                                                                                 Guanica Forest

Amphibian Adaptations                       Crested Toad Adaptations

- Lays eggs in water to hydrate them      - The toad develops extremely fast, so as to be able                                                               to leave their home ponds before they dry up

- Can live on both land and water           - Breeds during storms so that they are not, say,                                                                  "interrupted" (especially by predators)

- Have lungs for breathing on land          - The bony head may help protect from moisture                                                                   loss

- Skin helps breathe & retain moisture    - A single eggmass's surface area will reduce with a                                                              corresponding "evaporative water loss" to maintain                                                              moisture

- Have or had gills to breathe in water     - A dark coloration for a nocturnal animal helps it                                                                  blend in

Note: This North American native is an endangered species.

This dragon can sense meals up to eight kilometers away with its Jacobson organ.

Common Name: Komodo Dragon    Scientific Name: Varanus komodensis

Biome: Grassland & Forest              Home Range: Indonesian Lesser Sundra Archipelago

Reptile Adaptations                        Komodo Dragon Adaptations

- Reptiles lay amniotic eggs               - Is immune to its poison saliva that can kill prey solely from the bite

- Scales or plates provide protection  - Using its Jacobson organ, it can sense prey up to                                                              eight kilometers away

- Have lungs to breathe air                - Burrows into ground at night and when hot

- Many bask in sun to absorb            - Possesses very large & powerful legs                         energy

- Retreat into shadow when weather   - Strong neck muscles allow the dragon to rip & tear      is too hot                                         apart prey

Note: This species is endangered.

The blue-and-gold macaw uses its beak to climb trees.

Common Name: Blue-and-Gold Macaw     Scientific Name: Ara ararauna

Biome: Rain Forest                                  Home Range: Northern South America

Bird Adaptations                             Macaw Adaptations

- Have feathers for insulation and to    - Bright coloration helps camouflage in bright rain   aid in flight                                        forest

- Strong, hollow skeleton provides       - At any sign of danger, these macaws flee               lightweight support

- Have no teeth                                 - Strong beaks are able to break open nuts & crush                                                              seeds

- Have wings in lieu of arms               - Consumes clay, which lets them digest toxins of                                                                 unripe seeds they may consume

- Birds are endothermic                    - Nests high in trees to avoid predators

This klipspringer's coat is designed to withstand both extreme heat and cold.

Common Name: Klipspringer              Scientific Name: Oreotragus oreotragus

Biome: Hill/Mountain                           Range: Eastern Africa, from Sudan to South Africa

Mammal Adaptations                          Klipspringer Adaptations

- Most intelligent animals                        - It can emit an alarm call that can be heard up                                                                     to 0.7 kilometers away

- Mammals are endothermic                   - Its coat can withstand both extreme cold and heat

- Mammals nurse & protect their young   - Can stand on its tiptoes

- Have lungs to breathe on land               - Eats a wide variety of foods

- Rapidly develop into adulthood              - The plants they eat supply all of their necessary                                                                  water

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