Constructing Fabric

Weaving, Knitting, etc.

Plain Weave

  • the simplest weave
  • the weft yarn is passed over then under each warp yarn
  • Examples : Chiffon, Seersucker, Taffeta

    Twill Weave

    • weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row
    • Used for durability
    • Examples: Denim, Gabardine

    Satin Weave

    • produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric that results from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long flats
    • Examples: Sateen, Satin

    Other Weaves:

    • Pile Weave- Curdory, Velvet
    • Dobby- Dotted Swiss, Pique
    • Jacquard- Brocade, Damask
    • Leno- Fabrics with an open, Lacy Appearance


    • Constructing fabric by looping yarns together

    Weft Knits

    • Knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise farming a horizontal raw of interlacing loops
    • Cut edges w/ curl
    • weft knits run if snagged
    • Examples: Jersey, Ribbed Knits, Sweater Knits

    Warp Knits

    • knits made with several yarns creating lops that interlock in the lengthwise direction
    • do not ravel
    • haven selvage edges
    • Examples: Tricot, Raschel Knits


    • The number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric

    Additional Ways To Construct Fabric

    • Non woven- compacted fibers. Ex: quilt batting, garment interfacing, felt, artificial suede
    • Laces & Nets- made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarn. Ex. Lace
    • Braided Fabrics- Interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord. Ex: decorative trims, shoelaces
    • Bonded Fabric- permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Ex: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in ski wear or winter coats
    • Quilted Fabric- layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching. Ex. bedspreads,placemats, outerwear

    Fabric Finishing

    • Bleaching: chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers
    • Dyeing: a method of giving color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics
    • Printing: the process of adding color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics

    Finish Categories


    • finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically
    • affect size and appearance
    • Ex: glazing, embossing, brushing, napping, cutting


    • finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reactions with the fibers
    • affect performance
    • Ex: flame retardant, stain resistant, waterproof, permanent press, preshrunk

    Mechanical OR Chemical Fabric Finish

    Comment Stream

    2 years ago

    well done my friend lol

    2 years ago