Paris, France

By: Madison, Caysee, and Emma

Eiffel tower

Construction: 1887 - 1889 (2 years, 2 months and 5 days).

1889 - The Eiffel Tower was built for the Universal Exposition celebrating the centenary of the French Revolution and as a tribute to French industry and science.

March 31, 1889 - Opening day, the flag of France is placed atop the third level by Eiffel to the sound of a 21 canon salute.

1930 - Until the construction of the Chrysler Building in New York by William Van Allen, the Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world.

50 engineers and designers produced 5,300 "blueprints."

100 ironworkers produced the 18,038 individual parts to be assembled.

121 men worked on the construction site.

Total weight: 10,100 tons

The force of the wind causes the top of the Tower to sway 6 to 7cm. Heat also causes the tower top to move, with a curve of movement measuring 18cm (7.09 inches).

- 1889 (height with flag): 312.27m (1024.5 ft)
- 1991 (height with antenna): 317.96m (1043.18 ft)
- 1994 (height with antenna): 318.70m (1045.60 ft)
- 2000 (height with antenna): 324.00m (1062.99 ft)

The Tower is repainted every 7 years, necessitating 60 metric tons of paint.

There are 1665 steps to the top of the tower.

1980-1985 - The structure was strengthened, while 1,343 tons of unnecessary materials were removed. New elevators going from the second floor to the top were added, as were new panoramic restaurants. New lights (352 1,000-watt projectors) that light the tower from the structure interior were also added.

Other Facts:
In 2012, 6,180,000 people visited the Eiffel Tower.

Almost 250 million visitors have been to the tower since its construction.

The names of 72 French scientists are carved into the first floor.

Visitors have the option of taking the elevators or walking up the stairs to the second floor. The third level is only accessible by elevator.

5 cool facts about Paris, France

1. Paris is notorious with the nick name of city of light. You need to explore this city in the night if you want to see the glowing and sparkling lighting along the street especially in the Eiffel Tower. This city is also the center of art and culture in French. You can learn much about French literature and culture here.

2. This historical event is commemorated on 14th July. In this historical celebration, you will see the colorful fireworks sparkling along the Eiffel Tower, the flying planes on the sky and also the military parade used to honor the release of Bastille prisoners in 1989.

3. If you want to enjoy the nice water feature in Paris, you should walk to see the Seine River. It is divided in two segments. Those are the Left Bank and Right Bank. Both banks give you the best view of Paris.

4. The population of the people in Paris is not concentrated in the center of the town. The residents who live near the Seine River are about 2.15 million people. The population of the people in suburban area of Paris called as Ile de France can be counted up to 10.5 million residents.

  • France was the second country to host the modern Olympic Games in 1900 in Paris. Paris also hosted the games again in 1924. Three winter Olympics have been hosted in France.