Vitiligo

Hannah Tissenbaum
1st
November 6, 2014

Vitiligo is where you loose your skin's pigmentation.

There is also no common name

Causes

Although the causes of vitiligo aren’t completely understood, there are a number of different theories:Autoimmune disorder the affected person’s immune system may develop antibodies that destroy melanocytes,Genetic factors certain factors that may increase the chance of getting vitiligo can be inherited,(About 30% of vitiligo cases run in families) Neurogenic factors substances that are toxic to melanocytes may be released at nerve endings in the skin. Also can be caused by physical &/or emotional stress.

Symptoms

Loss of skin pigmentation is the symptom of this skin disorder & there are three different  patterns in depigmentation: Focal Pattern- loss of color occurs in only a few places, Segmantal Pattern-  occurs on one side of the body, & Generalized Pattern- occurs on both sides of the body symmetrically. The most common pattern is generalized & all patterns can appear on the face, arms, underarms, legs, hands, feet, lips, and the lining of the inside of your mouth may also lose its color.

Diagnosing Vitiligo

Physicians can use a Wood's lamp which shines UV light on the skin making it easier to differentiate it from other skin disorders. Some doctors will review medical history & test a skin sample to confirm the skin disorder. An overactive thyroid and a deficiency of B12 are often associated with vitiligo so sometimes doctors will run blood tests on the patient.

Treatment

Treatment of this disorder is purely cosmetic so you don't have to get it treated. It can although be treated through steroids, surgery, repigmentation therapy, light therapy, & camouflage therapy (suncreen, makeup, hair dye, etc. ).There is no cure treatment is to form a uniform skin pigmentation.

Long Term Side-Effects

Discoloration of the skin is the only long-term side effect.

Preventive Measures

Take self-care steps to avoid stuff that cause skin allergies like over exposure to sun etc.  Increase the usage of B-complex multivitamin, Folic Acid, Vitamin E, Vitamin D ointment they also help some people with vitiligo,  Start using Tacrolimus ointment, Cortisone ointments and ascorbic acid, may improve the color of your skin.

1st Ever Diagnosis/Discoverer

The Ebers Papyrus in 1550 BC mentioned two forms of depigmentation that could be interpreted as leprosy or depigmentation resembling vitiligo. He was the 1st diagnose and diagnoser.

Random Facts

Actor Steve Martin has the skin condition known as vitiligo.

People with darker complexions are more likely to be affected

Some people believe that tanning will help even out their skin tone when they have this condition although it most of the time makes it worse

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