The Nazi Party
The National Socialist German Workers' "Nazi" party was a mass movement and ruled Germany through 1933-1945. In 1919 it started as the German Workers' party. It was started for the German people to be proud of their country after the horrible loss of WW1.
After being frustrated with the loss in World War 1, German soldier Adolf Hitler joined the Nazi party hoping to rebound the Germans and to once again be powerful. Hitler soon became a powerful speaker and attracted new members in all of Germany He blamed Jews and Marxists for their problems and began to idea of the "Aryan Master Race". In July of 1921 Hitler gained full control of the Nazi Party.
Hitler giving a speech to rally Germans in the 1920s
Through the 1920's Hitler gave great speeches about unemployment, hunger, rampant inflation, and he said if there was not a total revolution in German life it would remain the same. But Hitler said Germans could fix it all by driving communist and Jews out of the country. These speeches struck hope in all of its followers, especially the youth.
Hitler and other Nazi party members before the Beer Hall Putsch
In 1923 Adolf Hitler and is followers staged the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich. After a failed takeover in Bavaria, a southern state in Germany. Hitler had hoped that the "Putsch" would spark a larger revolution against the national government. Afterwards Hitler was convicted of treason and was sentenced to five years in prison where he would go on to write he book "Mein Kampf" meaning "My Struggle". In this book Hitler described his plans for Germany and how powerful he planned for the country to be.
Hitler and Nazi leaders in 1933
When Hitler got out of prison Germany was in a economic depression and widespread unemployment. So in the next election Hitler was convinced he was going to change Germany no matter what, so in January of 1933 Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Very soon the Nazi's would control every aspect of life in Germany. The Nazi's banned all other political parties and opened the first concentration camp in Dachau, Germany. Along with Jews, the concentration camps included of anybody that Hitler thought was unfit for his new Germany. This included Artists, intellectuals, Gypsies, the Physically and mentally handicapped, and homosexuals.
Hitler talking to his army before the invasion of Poland
Once Hitler gained full control, his first action was to undo the Treaty of Versailles and to prove that Germany was a major power in the world. Also he was determined that all Germans are together in one, so he created new postwar states as Austria and Czechoslovakia. Hitler kept Germany private from other nations so nobody would suspect his mass plan, so in 1933 he withdrew from the league of nations. As nobody knew of Germany's plans, Hitler was rebuilding the armed forces beyond what was allowed from the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler also reoccupied the German Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938 and invaded Czechoslovakia in 1939. Once Germany started moving toward Poland, England and France had suspected in potential war Activity. But when Germany invaded Poland on September 1st, 1939, England and France declared war and World War 2 had begun.
The Third Reich marching the streets of Poland.
After gaining control of Poland, Hitler focused on defeating England and France. So to conquer this goal Hitler needed alliances, so he joined with Japan and Italy in the Tripartite act of 1940. In 1941 Germany launched a massive blitzkrieg attack on the Soviet Union. With all the Brutal fighting, Germany tried to realize one of its main goals in crushing the worlds most powerful communist country. When the US joined the war on the allies in 1941, Germany found themselves fighting in North Africa, France, Italy, the Balkans, and in the Soviet Union. Hitler and his Nazi Party started out World War 2 trying to take over all of Europe, Five long years later they were just trying to make it out alive.
German soldier during the battle of Stalingrad in 1942
Jewish citizens trapped inside a concentration camp
When Hitler and the Nazi Party began running Germany they set out a goal to kill of the Jewish race/religion in all of the world. So Hitler used many different methods such as concentration camps, ghettos, or just cold blooded shooting them. In 1942, the Nazi Party came up with the "final solution", which was a plan to systematic kill Jews in all of Europe. Concentration camps such as Auschwitz started growing in all of Europe and killing in large masses continued until the last months of World War 2. Even though Hitler didn't achieve his main goal of conquering Europe, he did accomplish he sick and twisted goal of killing off the Jewish race/religion in Europe.
After the suicide of Adolf Hitler, the allies moved into Germany and finally the end of WW2 was here. Afterwards a lot of the Nazi officials were brought to justice for participating in the mass murder of Jews and other war crimes. These were the Nuremberg trials, which took place from 1945 to 1949
My first sub topic is the Nuremberg Trials, which took place in Nuremberg, Germany from 1945 to 1949. These trials were against the Nazi Party for war crimes. They were a series of 13 trials against Nazi officials, military officers, doctors, and lawyers. Most of the crimes were for crimes against humanity and crimes against peace. All were found guilty, but some were not satisfied cause Adolf Hitler was never brought to justice cause he had commit suicide at the end of WW2.
My second sub topic would be the concentration camps. Concentration camps were used in World War 2 to torture, starve, work, and kill Jews and other people against the war effort. There were about 1,200 concentration camps ran by Nazi's during the war and over 6-millions Jews died in these death camps. Life in these camps were awful, about everyone was starved, they had no where to sleep, they were stacked together and worked to death.