Battles of Dunkirk andBritain

Tae Johnson , and Cruz Burton 3period

Hitting its stride, the evacuation effort began to peak as 47,310 men were rescued on May 29, followed by 120,927 over the next two days.

Traveling to Army Group A's headquarters at Charleville on May 24, Hitler urged its commander, General Gerd Von Rundstedt, to press the attack.

On the night of May 9/10, 1940, German forces attacked the Low Countries.

Withdrawaling, the BEF, with support from French and Belgian troops, established a perimeter around the port of Dunkirk.

In planning, it was hoped that 45,000 men could be rescued over two days, as it was expected that German interference would force the end of the operation after forty-eight hours.

Commencing on May 27, Operation Dynamo rescued 7,669 men on the first day and 17,804 on the second.

In England, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Vice Admiral Bertram Ramsay met at Dover Castle to begin planning the evacuation.

With German air attacks intensifying, daylight operations were ended and the evacuation ships were limited to running at night

This occurred despite a heavy Luftwaffe attack on the evening of the 29th and the reduction of the Dunkirk pocket to a five kilometer strip on the 31st.

As the fleet began to arrive at Dunkirk, the soldiers began preparing for the voyage.

On May 14, German panzers tore through the Ardennes and began driving to the English Channel.

This approach was agreed upon and it was decided that Army Group B would attack with strong aerial support from the Luftwaffe.

Despite their best efforts, the BEF, Belgian, and French forces were unable to halt the German advance.

Turning north, German forces sought to capture the Channel ports before the Allies could evacuate.

The following day, the commander of the BEF, General Lord Gort, with the situation continuing to deteriorate, made the decision to evacuate from northern France.

While many were able to board ships directly from the harbor's mole, others were forced to wade out to waiting boats.

Hitting its stride, the evacuation effort began to peak as 47,310 men were rescued on May 29, followed by 120,927 over the next two days.

Between June 3 and 4, an additional 52,921 Allied troops were rescued from the beaches.

All told, 332,226 men were rescued from Dunkirk.

During the operation, the British losses included 68,111 killed, wounded, and captured, as well as 243 ships (including 6 destroyers), 106 aircraft, 2,472 field guns, 63,879 vehicles, and 500,000 tons of supplies.

In addition, significant numbers of French, Dutch, Belgian, and Polish troops were rescued.

Despite the heavy losses, the evacuation preserved the core of the British Army and made it available for the immediate defense of Britain.

This approach was agreed upon and it was decided that Army Group B would attack with strong aerial support from the Luftwaffe.

Assessing the situation, von Rundstedt advocated holding his armor west and south of Dunkirk, while utilizing the infantry of Army Group B to finish off the BEF.

With the Germans only three miles from the harbor, the final Allied ship, the destroyer HMS Shikari, departed at 3:40 AM on June 4.

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