What are LDL and HDL?-LDL and HDL are both lipoproteins that are in charge of balancing the amount of cholesterol in the blood stream.
How do LDL and HDL differ in structurally and functionally?-LDL transports the cholesterol to the cells and HDL removes the extra cholesterol from the blood stream to the liver. They are both lipoproteins which causes them to have a similar structure, the difference between them lies in what they are made of.
Why do doctors monitor the concentrations of LDL and HDL in a patients blood?-Doctors monitor the concentration of LDL and HDL in patients' blood because it can help evaluate the patients overall health and also see weather a person is at risk for heart disease and other complications.
How are the concentrations of LDL and HDL related with the risks for heart disease and associated disorders?-Concentrations of LDL and HDL are related to heart disease because when you have too much it means that you have lots of extra fats that start to attach them selves to the walls of your attires.
What other molecules in a patients blood are monitored along with with LDL and HDL?- During the the blood test doctors also measure triglycericdes which are fatty substances located in the blood stream.
What do the results of a cholesterol test mean? How do patients interpret each value?-The results are measured in milligrams per deciliter. The cholesterol test measures your total cholesterol and your HDL. It is the doctors job to use that information to predict the likelihood of the patient having a heart attack or stroke in the next ten years.
What can patients do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in their blood?-Patients can change their LDL and HDL levels by eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy wight for their hight, not smoking, regularly exercising and getting medication for high cholesterol.
How does intake of unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?-Fats increases the amount of cholesterol in the blood stream and eating lots of fats increases the amount of cholesterol dramatically, thus causing excess cholesterol creating plaque build up in the attires.