Soviets and China
Julia, Ryan, Leo
Moscow and Beijing were close during the cold war years
●Both leaders of communist states felt threatened by the U.S.
●Beijing received Russian military equipment and economic aid in exchange for recognizing Moscow's authority
Cracks in the Alliance
Tension between the two nations built up when the Soviets often dictated the Chinese on how to construct a socialist society.
●The Chinese thought the Soviet aid programs were too modest
●Soviet demands for territorial agreements
●Kremlin persuaded Mao Zedong to sign treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance
○pact granted the Soviet Union naval privileges in Port Arthur and economic concessionsーvery imperialistic
■Soviet Union took advantage of the Chinese—in exchange for the concessions, the Soviets offered less economic assistance than noncommunist countries.
Central Asia and Siberian border conflicts—intensified tensions
Rift Between Soviet Union and People's Republic of China
End of 1964, split became known to the public
◆both sides engaged in name calling
Chinese accused Soviets of being "revisionists"—Soviets accused Chinese of being dangerous "left-wing adventurists"
◆Nikita Khrushchev had a peaceful policy with the U.S. and western Europe in fear of a nuclear attack
◆Mao Zedong stated that war was inevitable with capitalist nations
Chinese and Soviet competition for influence in Africa—especially in newly independent nations
—People's Republic successful nuclear weapon test enhanced it's status.
—Many nations benefited from the Chinese-Soviet (Sino-Soviet) rift by playing Chinese communists against Soviet communists.