by: Matthew Palmeri and Perry Davis
End to Alcohol!
Context: heavy inflation following the Revolutionary War, as well as a surplus of grains which many farmers in the western, underdeveloped markets, distilled much of their grain into Whiskey and other alcoholic beverages. Evangelical Protestants provided major strength in the fight against drunkenness.
Problems addressed: Three times as much alcohol was drunk in the early 1800's as is today. Alcohol was a part of social life after the Revolution. Alcohol was considered to be more healthy than water. Drunkenness lead to unnecessary expenditures and abuse in the family.
Goals Three divided groups within the Temperance movement: Complete Abstinence of alcohol including beer, liquor, and wine. Demanded state legislation to restrict the sale and consumption of alcohol Self-Temperance done by the individual
Tactics: attempted to get State Legislatures to pass bills banning the selling of alcohol. They also try to use the Churches and other established to advocate to a larger audience. People signed pledges to promise to stop drinking alcohol.
Outcomes: Maine passed a law prohibiting the sale and consumption of Alcohol. National Amendment 18 prohibited the sale or consumption of Alcohol. By 1840 one million people had signed on to forego the use of any alcoholic beverage.
Leaders: American Society for the Promotion of Temperance
Timothy Shay Arthur, the grandson of a revolutionary war officer who was born in New York on a farm, and then moved to Baltimore. eyesight became poor, and he began working as a clerk in a counting-house, and began writing. focused on Temperance pieces for several journals, and it became one of the greatest social movements in the mid 19th century. His most popular novel was Ten nights in a bar-room.
Our Assessment: Moderate - No violence, and the main influence on a person to join the Temperance movement was self-motivation. Self-motivation was the main reason that drove people to not drink alcohol.
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