Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope.

Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in blade and maze.

Consonance - The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand.

Figurative Language - Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally. Poets use figures of speech to state ideas in new ways.

Metaphors - Describe one thing as if it were something else. The house was a zoo this morning!

Meter - The rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds, such as crash, bang, and hiss.

Personification - Gives human qualities to something that is not human. The cars growled in the traffic.

Repetition - The use of any element of language - such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence - more than once.

Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the end of words, as in speech and teach.

Similes - use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things. He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.

Symbol - Anything that represents something else. For example, a dove is a common symbol of peace.

Sound Devices - Something that enhance a poem's mood and meaning.

Forms of Poetry - The different types and expressions of poetry.

Ballads - Songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete - Poems that are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.

Free Verse - Poetry that is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Haiku - a three line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Limericks - Humorous, rhyming, five line poems with a specific rhythm pattern an rhyme scheme.

Narrative - Poetry that tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Rhyming Couplets - Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.