Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope.
Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in blade and maze.
Consonance - The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand.
Figurative Language - Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally. Poets use figures of speech to state ideas in new ways.
Metaphors - Describe one thing as if it were something else. The house was a zoo this morning!
Meter - The rhythmical pattern in a poem.
Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds, such as crash, bang, and hiss.
Personification - Gives human qualities to something that is not human. The cars growled in the traffic.
Repetition - The use of any element of language - such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence - more than once.
Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the end of words, as in speech and teach.
Similes - use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things. He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.
Symbol - Anything that represents something else. For example, a dove is a common symbol of peace.
Sound Devices - Something that enhance a poem's mood and meaning.
Forms of Poetry - The different types and expressions of poetry.
Ballads - Songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete - Poems that are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
Free Verse - Poetry that is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Haiku - a three line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Limericks - Humorous, rhyming, five line poems with a specific rhythm pattern an rhyme scheme.
Narrative - Poetry that tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Rhyming Couplets - Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.