Multiple Personality Disorder

  • Definition & Characteristics of Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a condition in which a person's identity is fragmented into two or more distinct personalities. Sufferers of this rare condition are usually victims of severe abuse (Psychologytoday.com).
  • (MPD) is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct or split identities or personality states that continually have power over the sufferer's behavior.
  • In recent years it has been referred to as Dissociative Identity Disorder.
  • How Many People Are Affected By Multiple Personality Disorder?
  • Current research shows that Multiple Personality Disorder may affect 1% of the general population and perhaps as many as 5-20% of people who are placed in psychiatric hospitals, many of whom have received other diagnoses (http://www.angelfire.com/nj/Dissociative/)
  • Occurrences of Multiple Personality Disorder are even higher among sexual abuse survivors and individuals who are dependent on alcohol or drugs (http://www.angelfire.com/nj/Dissociative/).
  • (MPD) is diagnosed nine times more often in females than in males (www.medicinenet.com)
  • How can someone tell if they have Multiple Personality Disorder?
  • The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self (psych central). (WebMD)
  • Inability to remember important personal information that is too far-reaching to be explained away as forgetfulness (WebMD).
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Suicidal tendencies
  • Sleep disorders, such as insomnia, sleep walking, and night terrors
  • Panic attacks, anxiety, and phobias
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Compulsions and rituals
  • Psychotic-like symptoms (including auditory and visual hallucinations)
  • Eating disorders
  • Time loss
  • Trances and "out of body experiences"
  • Self-persecution
  • Self-sabotage
  • (WebMD)
  • What treatments exist for Multiple Personality Disorder?
  • Hypnosis
  • Psychopharmacology
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Group therapy
  • (WebMD)
  • How can people get help for the treatment of Multiple Personality Disorder?
  • Schedule an appointment with a Psychologist who is certified to treat personality disorders
  • Seek help and support from family and friends
  • Join a MPD (DID) support group
  • What resources are available to help gain knowledge about Multiple Personality Disorder?
  • American Psychological Association (http://www.apa.org/index.aspx)
  • National Mental Health Association (http://nmha.org)
  • Society for Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis
  • http://www.dissociation.com/index/Resources/

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