Ashley & Izzy
Picture of Sherman
Sherman's March to the Sea
The Route that Sherman went through
A song of Sherman's March
Sherman's March Imporance
Sherman believed in the concept of ''total war''.whereby he brings his army to not only fight the other army,but also to bring the horrors of warfare to the doorsteps of the citizenry that supports that army. Sherman reasoned that once the citizen are subject to the taste of warfare,they will petition their government to end the war. An army cannot continue to fight if its people so not support the war effort. While the devastation he inflicted upon Georgia was cruel and punishing,it did break the backs of the south,and tempered their support of their cause. His aim was not so much punish the south south,as it was more to bring a quicker end to the conflict, which it did.
Who Set up the Sherman's March
After Sherman's forces captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864, Sherman spent several weeks making preparations for a change of base to the coast. He rejected the Union plan to move through Alabama to Mobile, pointing out that after Rear Admiral David G. Farragut closed Mobile Bay in August 1864, the Alabama port no longer held any military significance. Rather, he decided to proceed southeast toward Savannah or Charleston. He carefully studied census records to determine which route could provide food for his men and forage for his animals. Although U.S. president Abraham Lincoln was skeptical and did not want Sherman to move into enemy territory before the presidential election in November, Sherman persuaded his friend Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant that the campaign was possible in winter. Through Grant's intervention Sherman finally gained permission, although he had to delay until after election day.
When did the march Start and End?
From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of this “March to the Sea” was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back. The Yankees were “not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people,” Sherman explained; as a result, they needed to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war.”
Who was Sherman?
Sherman was a true man that revolutionized the history of warfare. Rather than just fighting enemy combatants in the battlefield, he systemically ripped out railroads, raided houses and ransacked them, killed livestock, stole ammunition and weapons, and harmed Southern civilians and leaving them cold and dry for months where they suffered from the affects of the march. Majority of the young men fighting for the South were far away in the battlefields while Southern women, children, and old men remained behind at home and supported the war effort in various of ways. Sherman realized this and decided that he had to make them experience the hardness of war and to convince them that his military can have a free reign to march into any area including civilian ones, and there was nothing the Southern civilian population can do anything to resist them. That's exactly how I feel like when we dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II: to show the Japanese that we have a new weapon capable of destroying everything in its path with a tick of a clock and show them that further destruction would be made in the similar fashion should they continue to keep up its war-making capacity. The South gave up easily and so does Japan that ended World War II, all thanks to the total war methods both Sherman and Truman employed against the enemy.
Where did the March take place?
Sherman's March To The Sea summary: Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman taking place from November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864. which followed the successful Atlanta Campaign.`
Facts about Sherman's March to sea
Fact 1:On November 12, 1864, the destruction of Atlanta began. Sherman ordered everything destroyed except “houses and churches”. Anything that could help the Southern war effort was destroyed – railroads, warehouses, manufacturing plants, public buildings, etc. Sherman’s chief engineer Orlando Poe was in charge of the destruction, and used battering rams, fire, and explosives.
Fact 2:As a result of the hardships on women and children, desertions increased in Robert E. Lee's army in Virginia. Sherman believed his campaign against civilians would shorten the war by breaking the Confederate will to fight, and he eventually received permission to carry this psychological warfare into South Carolina in early 1865. By marching through Georgia and South Carolina he became an archvillain in the South and a hero in the North.
Fact 3:Sherman’s March was also something new in warfare where a large modern amy on purpose destroyed its own supply lines, and decided to live off the land for several weeks.Another interesting feature of the March was the fact that there was no significant organized resistance at any point along the 275 mile corridor in central Georgia until Sherman’s 62,000 man army faced 10,000 Confederates under Hardee in Savannah.