Treaty of Paris Ends French and Indian War
.This war has been going on for seven years.French and Indian war ends with the signing of the treaty of Paris by France, Great Britain and Spain.
In 1756,British formally declared war against France. The first year of the war the British suffered a series of defeats at the hands of French and their broad work of Native Americans alliances.
In 1760, the French had been expelled from Canada. In 1763, all of France's allies in Europe had either made a separate peace with Russia or had been defeated.
On October 7,1763, King George lll issued a proclamation that colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountain. He hoped to placate Native Americans who had sided against him during the recently concluded seven years' war.
Great Britain's victory over France in seven years' war,also known as the French and Indian war,gave it control over all of Eastern North America.
On April 5,1764, Parliament passed a modified version of the sugar and Molasses Act (1733),which was about to expire.Under the Molasses Act, colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax on the importation of foreign molasses.
The Stamp Act was passed by the British parliament on March 22,1765. The new tax was imposed on american colonists and required them to pay a tax on every peice of printed paper they used.Ships papers,legal documents,licenses,news papers, other publications,and even playing cards were taxed.
In 1773, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act,to save the faltering East India Company from bankruptcy by greatly lowering the tea tax it paid to the British government and, granting it a monopoly on the American tea trade.All legal tea entered the colonies through England, allowing the East India Company to pay lower taxes in Britain also allowed it to sell tea more cheaply in the colonies.When three tea ships carrying East India Company tea, the Dartmouth, the Eleanor and the Beaver, arrived in Boston Harbor, the colonists demanded that the tea be returned to England.
Boston Tea Party
In Boston Harbor, a group of colonists disguised as Indians board three British tea ships and dump 342 chests of tea into the harbor. The Boston Tea Party, was in protest of the British Parliament's Tea Act of 1773, a bill made to save the East India Company by lowering its tea tax and granting it a monopoly on the American tea trade.
On May 10, 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, trying helping the struggling British East India Company. Prior to the passage of the law, the company had been required to sell its tea through London where it was taxed and duties assessed. Under the new legislation, the company would be permitted to sell tea directly to the colonies without the additional cost. As a result, tea prices in America would be reduced, with only the Townshend tea duty assessed.
Lexington & Concord
On April 19, 1775,the Battles of Lexington and Concord began.On the night of April 18, 1775,British troops marched from Boston to Concord in order to stop the Americans.Paul Revere and other riders sounded the alarm, and colonial militiamen began mobilizing to intercept the Redcoat column. A conflict on the Lexington town green started off the fighting, and soon the British were hastily retreating under intense fire. Many more battles followed, and in 1783 the colonists formally won their independence.
Second Continental Congress Meet
When the First Continental Congress met on October 26, 1774, the delegates agreed to meet again on May 5, 1775. The Second Continental Congress met as agreed on May 5, 1775. This was after the battles at Lexington and Concord on April 19th. Sam Adams, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, and George Washington were some of the delegates.They finally decided to go slowly and not make any drastic moves that might start a major war. On the other hand, they also felt they needed to protect themselves, so they established the Continental Army and named George Washington as Commander-in-Chief.
Declaration of Independence Adopted
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence is adopted. Congress had voted unanimously 2 days before to sever all ties with Great Britain. The disagreement in dates causes some confusion. The actual date of the decision to break from Great Britain was July 2nd, but the language of Congress' public announcement was adopted on July 4th.
Tensions with Great Britain had been increasing for years and many colonists were hoping to reconcile with their mother country.
By:Zoeyrose Taylor Morgan Whitlock