Joe Krenek, Daniel Storie, Izzy Andrew
The Shift from home to factory
The Old Domestic System
- The domestic system was a method of production that was before the shift to industrialism in Europe from the 17th century Industrial Revolution.
-Merchants sent raw materials to rural workers who produced goods from those materials, usually in their homes.
- The workers then gave the finished goods to the merchants in exchange for payment.
- It is a slow method
The Factory System
-system of manufacturing that began in the 18th century -based on the concentration of industries into large establishments
-replaced the domestic system
-The factory system also increased worker productivity and speed
-the system reduced the transportation cost that came with the putting-out system (workers producing goods in their homes)
-aided in the production of a standardized product.
-only light source was natural light
-unprotected parts (exposed)
-many machines being operated by few workers
-close together-few break times (usually 1-hour break)-dusty and dirty
-leads to lung diseases-children have a lack of education, physical activity, and sunlight
-leads to physical problems
-deformities in bones, legs, etc.
-shorter than average people
-Urbanization first occurred in the same country where industrialization first occurred England.
-While in pre-industrial England, more than three-quarters of the population lived in the countryside and small villages,
-by the 1850s, the country had made history by becoming the first nation with half its population in cities.
-Industrialization was essentially the cause of Urbanization because with the increase of factories and minimum wage jobs, People needed to move closer to where they worked.
-Therefore people created communities around these factories bringing everyone closer creating the first modern cities also called "Industrial Cities".