Industrial Revolution

Joe Krenek, Daniel Storie, Izzy Andrew

The Shift from home to factory

The Old Domestic System

- The domestic system was a method of production that was before the shift to industrialism in Europe from the 17th century Industrial Revolution.

-Merchants sent raw materials to rural workers who produced goods from those materials, usually in their homes.

- The workers then gave the finished goods to the merchants in exchange for payment.

- It is a slow method

The Factory System

-system of manufacturing that began in the 18th century -based on the concentration of industries into large establishments

-replaced the domestic system

-The factory system also increased worker productivity and speed

-the system reduced the transportation cost that came with the putting-out system (workers producing goods in their homes)

-aided in the production of a standardized product.

Working Conditions

-dark

-only light source was natural light

-few windows

-dangerous machines

-unprotected parts (exposed)

-many machines being operated by few workers

-close together-few break times (usually 1-hour break)-dusty and dirty

-leads to lung diseases-children have a lack of education, physical activity, and sunlight

-leads to physical problems

-deformities in bones, legs, etc.

-shorter than average people

Urbanization

-Urbanization first occurred in the same country where industrialization first occurred England.

-While in pre-industrial England, more than three-quarters of the population lived in the countryside and small villages,

-by the 1850s, the country had made history by becoming the first nation with half its population in cities.

-Industrialization was essentially the cause of Urbanization because with the increase of factories and minimum wage jobs, People needed to move closer to where they worked.

-Therefore people created communities around these factories bringing everyone closer creating the first modern cities also called "Industrial Cities".

Comment Stream