Bladder Cancer

By:  Cennagen Snelling

About Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a common cancer.  About 10,000 people developed bladder cancer in the U.S.  The bladder cancer develops from the  transitional cell which lines the inside of the bladder.

Symtoms

Some symptoms for this type of cancer is blood in the urine.  This is called haematuria.  Haematuria is caused by an early bladder tumor and is usually painless.  Other symptoms is when passing urine gives you pain.  For example, pain in the lower abdomen.

Possible Causes

Bladder cancer has been linked to smoking, a parasitic infection, radiation, and chemical exposure.

Cancer Growth

Cancer Stages

Stage 0- Cancer is confined to the lining inside the bladder.

Stage 1- The cancer is deep into the bladder wall affecting the second layer.

Stage 2- The cancer is in the inner half or the outer half of the muscle wall of the bladder.

Stage 3-  Cancer has move beyond the bladder walls and is in surrounding tissues and other organs.

Stage 4-  The cancer has spread into the abdomen or pelvis and is in the lymph nodes or to other organs in the body.

Treatments

Some types of treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy.  Surgery is usually the first treatment that the doctors will give you.  When they give you this treatment they will put in a resectoscope.  This has a wire loop at the end to remove any abnormal tissues or tumors.  Chemotherapy is a drug that is used to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells.  Chemo targets cancer cells but; also can effect healthy cells.  This can call side affects such as hair lost.  Radiation is used to kill tumor cells.  It uses high radiation to shrink tumors.  Radiation may come from a machine outside the body or can come from radioactive material placed in the body.  Immunothearpy uses your bodies own immune system to fight cancer.  Doctors simulate the patients immune system to work harder or they give man made immune system proteins.

Survival Rates

Stage 1- 88%, Stage 2- 63%, Stage 3- 46%, Stage 4- 13%  

If you are in stage four bladder cancer you have 13% five year survival rate.  Your chances are not the greatest in stage four.  If you are in stage three you have 46% five year survival rate.  If you are in stage two you have 63% five year survival rate.   If you are in stage one you have 88% five year survival rate.  Your chances are way better to live in stage one. Everyone's cancer is different and no one can predict if someone is cured or loses their battle to cancer.

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